yakshagana

In News: A young Muslim woman overcame resistance to acquire prowess in the art form.

About Yakshgana 

  1. Region
  1. Yakshagana, a traditional theatre form of Karnataka that combines dance, music, dialogue, costume, make-up, and stage techniques with a unique style and form.
  2. Literal meaning
  3. Yakshagana literally means the people(gana) who are the yaksha (nature spirits).
 
  1. Origin
  1. This folk art is believed to have originated somewhere in between the 10th and 16th century.
  2. Yakshagana is strongly influenced by the Vaishnava Bhakti movement. 
 
  1. Drawn from 
  1. It is based on mythological stories drawn from Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavata, Puranas and other Hindu epics.
 
  1. Most popular episodes
  1. These are from the Mahabharata i.e. Draupadi swayamvar, Subhadra vivah, Abhimanyu vadh, Karna-Arjun yuddh and from Ramayana i.e. Rajyabhishek, Lav-kush Yuddh, Baali-Sugreeva yuddha and Panchavati. 
 
  1. Salient Features
  1. Background music - played by a group of musicians - known as the himmela.
  2. Dance and dialog group - known as the mummela.  
  3. The above two together enact poetic epics on stage. 
  4. Yakshagana is traditionally presented from dusk to dawn.
 

Classification

The Tenkutittu style

  • Prevalent in Dakshina Kannada
  • Noted for its incredible dance steps, high flying dance moves, and extravagant rakshasas (demons)

The Badagutittu style

  • Prevalent in Uttara Kannada District
  • Places more emphasis on facial expressions, matugarike (dialogues), and dances appropriate for the character depicted in the episode.