world-population-day2020

Context: Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare recently chaired the virtual meeting on the occasion of World Population Day,2020.

More on the news:

  • Commemorating World Population Day is important as it emphasizes the importance of population stabilization and its vital role in the future of the masses and their health.
  • Considering the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic it is even more critical now to recognize the importance of providing reproductive health services.

India’s achievements so far

  • In the last decade alone, 
    • Crude Birth Rate (CBR) has reduced from 21.8 (SRS 2011) to 20 (SRS 2018).
    • Also, the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) has declined from 2.4 (SRS 2011) to 2.2 (SRS 2018). 
    • The teenage fertility has halved from 16 (NFHS III) to 7.9 (NFHS IV).
  • India has become closer to reaching the replacement fertility level of 2.1 and 25 out of 36 States/UTs have already achieved replacement level fertility.

India’s major initiatives under Family Planning

  • Inia’s initiatives include Mission Parivar Vikas, Injectable Contraceptive MPA, Family Planning – Logistics Management Information System (LMIS), Family Planning Communications Campaign.
  • The National Family Planning Program has introduced the Injectable Contraceptive in the public health system under the “Antara” program
    • This contraceptive is highly effective and it is supposed to meet the changing needs of couples and help women space their pregnancies.
  • India is also a fundamental part of the global Family Planning 2020(FP2020) movement and it has invested substantial domestic funding to achieve the ambitious FP2020 goals.

About World Population Day

  • The United Nations (UN) began observing World Population Day every year from 1989 to bring attention to the increasing global population and the associated factors. 
  • The date was chosen to commemorate 11 July, 1987, the day when the global population hit the 5 billion mark.

Theme of World Population Day,2020: "How to safeguard the health and rights of women and girls now" amid the pandemic.

 

Family Planning 2020(FP2020) movement 

  • FP2020 is an outcome of the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning.
    • In the summit, more than 20 governments made commitments to address the policy, financing, delivery and socio-cultural barriers to women accessing contraceptive and donors pledged an additional US$2.6 billion in funding.
  • Led by a 23-member Reference Group, operated daily by a Secretariat, and hosted by the United Nations Foundation, FP2020 is based on the principle that all women, no matter where they live should have access to lifesaving contraceptives.
  • India is a signatory to FP2020.
  • FP2020 works with governments, civil society, multilateral organizations, donors, the private sector, and the research and development community to enable 120 million more women and girls to use contraceptives by 2020.
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