In News: The 22nd edition of the world language database Ethnologue has been launched on Mother Language Day.
- In Bangladesh, since 1953, February 21 is observed as Ekushe Day. According to the South Asia Democratic Forum, five among those killed in protests that day were recognised as “language martyrs.
- UNESCO declared International Mother Language Day in 1999, to commemorate a 1952 protest against West Pakistan’s imposition of Urdu as the official language of East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh).
Key highlights of 22nd edition of Ethnologue:
- 2019 has been declared by the United Nations to be the International Year of Indigenous Languages.
- Globally, English remains the most widely spoken language with 1.13 billion speakers in 2019, followed by Mandarin with 1.17 billion, according to the online database Ethnologue.
- With respect to India
- Hindi is the most spoken language with over 528 million speakers in 2011, as per the Census.
- Hindi with 615 million speakers is the 3rd most spoken language of the world in 2019 .
- Percentage trends from 1991 to 2011 underline the growth of the most widely spoken language, Hindi, which was spoken by 39.29% of the Indian population in 1991, and whose share grew to 43.63% in 2011.
- It was established in 1951 and It brings out an yearly database of living languages of the world .
- This time the database covered 7,111 living languages of the world.
- Along with living languages, it also contains data on languages which have gone out of use in recent history.This time this list contains 348 languages.
- Ethnologue brings together more data than any other resource of its kind
- It helps to find what you need for any language – from populations to maps, dialects, usage, and more.