Context: Each year a variety of events, including bird watching are held across the globe to raise awareness on World Migratory Bird Day observed on May 9.
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- It is observed on May 9 every year is celebrated to raise awareness about conservation and ecological importance of such birds in the global ecosystem.
- The theme of World Migratory Bird Day 2020 is “Birds Connect Our World”.
- This year's theme was chosen in order to highlight the importance of conservation and restoration of ecological connectivity and integrity of ecosystems that support the movement of these birds.
- The day was first introduced in 2006 after the Secretariat of Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals and the Secretariat of Agreement on the Conversation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) came up with a proposal.
- Migratory birds are still under threat, from loss of habitat, climate change, poisoning, power lines, and illegal killing in recent years.
- We need to step up our actions across the world to better protect migratory birds and the habitats they need to survive and thrive.
Convention on Migratory Species:
- The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, also known as the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) or the Bonn Convention, is an international agreement that aims to conserve migratory species within their migratory ranges.
- The Agreement was signed under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme and is concerned with conservation of wildlife and habitats on a global scale.
- Signed in 1979 in Bonn, Germany, the Convention entered into force in 1983.
- As of September 2019, there were 129 Member States to the Convention. The depositary is the government of the Federal Republic of Germany.
- The CMS is the only global, and United Nations-based, intergovernmental organization established exclusively for the conservation and management of terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory species.
- The CMS, and its daughter Agreements, determine policy and provide further guidance on specific issues through their Strategic Plans, Action Plans, resolutions, decisions and guidelines.
- Appendices of CMS
- Appendix I of the Convention lists ‘Threatened Migratory Species’.
- Appendix II lists ‘Migratory Species requiring international cooperation’.
- India is a party to the convention.
- The Indian sub-continent is also part of the major bird flyway network, i.e, the Central Asian Flyway (CAF) that covers areas between the Arctic and Indian Oceans, and covers at least 279 populations of 182 migratory water-bird species, including 29 globally threatened species.
African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA):
- It is an independent international treaty developed under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme's Convention on Migratory Species.
- It was founded to coordinate efforts to conserve bird species migrating between European and African nations, and its current scope stretches from the Arctic to South Africa, encompassing the Canadian archipelago and the Middle East as well as Europe and Africa.
- The agreement focuses on bird species that depend on wetlands for at least part of their lifecycle and cross international borders in their migration patterns.
- It currently covers 254 species
Image Source: News18