• WMO was created in 1950 as an intergovernmental organization.  
  • It became a specialized agency of the United Nations, in 1951, for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences.  WMO is the UN system‟s authoritative voice on weather, climate and water.  
  • Secretariat - Geneva, Switzerland.  
  • Through its members, WMO provides forecasts and early warnings to nations, which help prevent and mitigate disasters.  


  • WMO monitors and forecast the transport of chemical and oil spills, forest fires, volcanic ash, haze and nuclear isotopes.  
  • It also draws world attention to the depletion of the ozone layer.  

India and WMO:

India has been designated as a nodal centre for preparing flash-flood forecasts by the WMO.  India will develop a customised model that can issue advance warning of floods in Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Thailand.  The system is called the Flash Flood Guidance System which aims to provide forecasts 6 hours in advance.

  • The Climate Centre at Indian Meteorological Department, Pune has recently been recognized as the Regional Climate Centre by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for providing regional climate services to South Asian countries.