world-day-to-combat-desertification-and-drought

Context: The World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought is observed every year on 17th June. 

More on news:

  • This year’s observance is focused on changing public attitudes to the leading driver of desertification and land degradation: humanity’s relentless production and consumption.
  • To have enough productive land to meet the demands of ten billion people by 2050, lifestyles need to change. 
  • World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought,  under the slogan “Food. Feed. Fibre.” seeks to educate individuals on how to reduce their personal impact.
    • As populations become larger, wealthier and more urban, there is far greater demand for land to provide food, animal feed and fibre for clothing. 
    • Meanwhile, the health and productivity of existing arable land is declining, worsened by climate change.
    • Food, feed, and fibre is also contributing to climate change, with around a quarter of greenhouse gas emissions coming from agriculture, forestry and other land use. 

About the Day:

  • The World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought is observed every year to promote public awareness of international efforts to combat desertification. 
  • The day is a unique moment to remind everyone that land degradation neutrality is achievable through problem-solving, strong community involvement and co-operation at all levels.

 

UNCCD-United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification 

  • It was established in 1994, the sole legally binding international agreement linking environment and development to sustainable land management. 
  • The Convention addresses specifically the arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, known as the drylands, where some of the most vulnerable ecosystems and peoples can be found.
  • Desertification, along with climate change and the loss of biodiversity, were identified as the greatest challenges to sustainable development during the 1992 Rio Earth Summit.
  • In 2007, the UN General Assembly declared 2010-2020 the United Nations Decade for Deserts and the fight against Desertification to mobilize global action to fight land degradation, led again by the UNCCD Secretariat.
  • UNCCD 2018-2030 Strategic Framework: It is the most comprehensive global commitment to achieve Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) in order to restore the productivity of vast expanses of degraded land, improve the livelihoods of more than 1.3 billion people, and reduce the impacts of drought on vulnerable populations to build.


Source: https://www.un.org/en/observances/desertification-day

Image Source: UNCCD