wind-power-in-india-summary

Context: According to a new report by BloombergNEF (an international energy research organisation), India added just 1.1 gigawatt of onshore wind power projects in 2020, lowest in a decade. 

More on the news:

  • The report titled India’s Top Wind Suppliers in 2020 attributed the slow growth to the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. 
  • The pandemic resulted in nation-wide lockdowns in 2020 and caused severe disruptions to the supply chain and movement of goods and people, delaying project execution.  
  • The Union government has recently been vocal about achieving its renewable energy targets of 175 gigawatt by 2022 and 450 GW by 2030.

India's wind power capacity:

  • Overview: 
    • India’s wind energy sector is led by indigenous wind power industry and has shown consistent progress. 
    • The country currently has the fourth highest wind installed capacity in the world with a total installed capacity of 35.6 GW (as on 31st March 2019).
  • Government’s initiatives: 
    • The Government is promoting wind power projects in the entire country through private sector investment by providing various fiscal and financial incentives such as 
      • Accelerated Depreciation benefit, 
      • Concessional custom duty exemption on certain components, 
      • Generation Based Incentive (GBI) Scheme etc.
    • Technical support including wind resource assessment and identification of potential sites through the National Institute of Wind Energy, Chennai.
  • Installed capacity: Tamil Nadu , Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Rajasthan are top 5 states in the installed capacity.
  • Potential of Wind Energy in India:
    • Wind is an intermittent and site-specific resource of energy and therefore, an extensive Wind Resource Assessment is essential for the selection of potential sites. 
    • The Government, through the National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE), has installed over 800 wind-monitoring stations all over the country. 
    • The recent assessment indicates a gross wind power potential of 302 GW in the country at 100 meter above ground level. 
    • Most of this potential exists in seven windy States as given below

State

Wind Potential (MW)

Gujarat

84431.33

Rajasthan

18770.49

Maharashtra

45394.34

Tamil Nadu

33799.65

Madhya Pradesh

10483.88

Karnataka

55857.36

Andhra Pradesh

44228.60