Salient features of act

It has 7 chapters, 66 sections and 6 schedules.

  • After various amendments it provides various tools to prevent damage to wildlife.Schedules I to V is in accordance with the risk of survival of the wildlife (fauna) enlisted in them.
  • Animals included in the schedule are provided for total protection from hunting and the trade and commerce related to such animals are strictly regulated.
  • Schedule VI was added by amendment to Wildlife (protection) Act, 1991 to include plant species.
  • An expert committee, constituted by the Indian Board of Wildlife considers amendments to the Act, as and when necessary.
  • With the amendment of the Act in 1991, powers of the State Governments have been withdrawn almost totally. Now the State Governments are not empowered to declare any wild animal a vermin.