Q. What are the main causes of Industrial Disputes in India? With India on the cusp of a new labour law regime being marketed as a business-friendly regimen, misgivings about their provisions or unresponsive systems for employees’ grievances can only foment more such unrest. Examine. 

Why the question:

On Saturday, Apple placed all fresh production orders on hold for its Taiwanese supplier Wistron. The trigger was one of the biggest expressions of industrial unrest in India in recent years — at a new facility set up by the firm in Kolar, Karnataka,

Key Demand of the question:

To identify the major causes industrial disputes in India and bring out the impact of recent unrest on India.


Examine –

When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:


Start by giving context to you answer about the recent violence at the Wistron Plant in Karnataka and the losses accrued the premium suppliers.


In the body, mention about the major causes of Industrial disputes in India such as Demand for Wages and Allowances, Demand for Bonus, Personnel and Retrenchment, Demand for Improved Working Conditions, demand for improved working conditions such as leave, lesser hours of work, better working conditions like better safe measures, canteen facilities etc, employers’ apathy to recognise trade unions, strikes of political nature and Lock-Outs etc. Mention some examples of major industrial disputes such as violence at Maruti’s Manesar Plant etc.

In the next part bring out the impact of such disputes on Indian economy, ease of doing business, invest sentiment and employment opportunities etc.

Suggest solution to the above problems both on the industry side as well as the workers side. Bring out how the new labor laws can help prevent such disputes


Conclude with a way forward.