Warlord and war crimes

By Moderator July 15, 2019 14:29


Ntaganda, known as “the terminator”, was pronounced guilty of 13 counts of war crimes and five of crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Court.

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  • Ntaganda, nicknamed “Terminator”, was convicted for murder, rape, sexual slavery and using child soldiers. He becomes the first person convicted of sexual slavery by the ICC.
    • These relate to the 2002-03 ethnic conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
    • After a 2006 indictment by the Hague court, it took seven more years for him to surrender and months more before the trial could start.
  • Ntaganda, who will be sentenced at a later hearing, is the fourth person convicted by the ICC since its creation in 2002. He has 30 days to appeal against the convictions.
    • The conviction follows the ICC’s 2012 sentencing of Thomas Lubanga, who also pronounced guilty under the Rome Statute, also pertaining to atrocities during the Congolese conflict.
  • The verdict in this latest case is a breakthrough for the prosecution, which has come under increasing scrutiny.
    • It has even been forced to abandon high-profile trials involving heads of government owing to the intimidation of witnesses and tampering with evidence.
    • In 2014, the ICC dropped charges of crimes against humanity on Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta, the first sitting President to appear before it, relating to the death of hundreds in the 2007 post-election ethnic violence.
      • The judges held that the Nairobi government had not acted in good faith, as crucial evidence had been withheld from the prosecution.
    • The genesis of the Rome Statute, adopted in 1998, made a modest beginning to ensure that serious atrocities committed by elected representatives do not go unpunished.
      • The refusal of major states to bring themselves under the court’s jurisdiction has dampened such hopes.
    • However, in the face of strong resistance to prosecute crimes committed in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, many African nations feel they were being selectively targeted.
    • In an unjustified move, Burundi has quit the ICC, as also the Philippines.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/warlord-and-war-crimes/article28429645.ece

By Moderator July 15, 2019 14:29