Recently ISRO introduced Vyommitra, a half-humanoid that will eventually fly to space on a mission Gaganyaan.

About Vyom Mitra

  • The half-humanoid will simulate human functions before real astronauts take off before August 2022 on Gaganyaan Mission.
  • The humanoid is under development at a robotics laboratory at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre.
  • ISRO will send the human-resembling model in a space capsule around the end of 2020 or early 2021 to study how she and later real astronauts respond to living outside earth in controlled zero-gravity conditions.


  • A robot with the appearance of a human being is called a Humanoid.
  • ISRO’s Vyommitra (Vyom-Space,Mitra-Friend) is a half humanoid as it will only have a head, two hands and a torso, and not the lower limbs.
  • It is based on the principles of Artificial intelligence(simulation of human intelligence processes by machines)
  • These machines are increasingly used for repetitive jobs such as a waiter at a restaurant.


Tasks to be performed by Vyommitra

  • Testing the ground for the human spaceflight.
  • It will also include procedures to use equipment on board the spacecraft’s crew module such as safety mechanisms and switches, as well as receiving and acting on commands sent from ground stations.
  • She will have lip movement synchronised to mimic speech
  • She can also double up as an artificial buddy to an astronaut providing audio inputs.
  • She will also report back to Earth on the changes occurring in the crew module 

Earlier uses of humanoids in international space missions

  • A mannequin called Ripley was sent to the International Space Station by SpaceX’s  Falcon rocket.Ripley was fitted with sensors to measure forces that act during a space flight
  • Robot ball called CIMON (Crew Interactive Mobile Companion) was deployed on the ISS by Airbus.
  • Kirobo, a robot astronaut built in Japan, was flown to the ISS,to serve as the astronaut’s assistant in conducting experiments on the space station.
  • A Russian robot, Fedor, was sent to the ISS to carry out mechanical functions on the space station.