A young woman named Vyom Mitra will ride to space in the first test flight of the human space mission, Gaganyaan.

About Vyom Mitra

  • Recently, ISRO unveiled lady robot Vyom Mitra attraction at the inaugural session of the ‘Human Spaceflight and Exploration - Present Challenges and Future Trends’ in Bengaluru.
  • The half-humanoid will simulate human functions before real astronauts take off before August 2022.
  • From Mitra is the result of a year-long toil of the ISRO Inertial Systems Unit, Thiruvananthapuram. 
  • ISRO will send the human-resembling model in a space capsule around the end of 2020 or early 2021 to study how she and later real astronauts respond to living outside earth in controlled zero-gravity conditions.

Vyom Mitra can perform

  • Switch panel operations
  • Environment control and life support systems [ECLSS] functions
  • Can be a companion, converse with the astronauts, recognize them and also respond to their queries.
  • She can detect and give out warnings if environmental changes within the cabin get uncomfortable with astronauts and change the air condition.
  • She can take up postures suited for launch and tasks and take commands.

Two trial flights without a crew will take place with a humanoid — the first around December 2020 and the second around July 2021.


ISRO aims to launch its maiden Human Space Mission, Gaganyaan before the 75th anniversary of India’s independence in 2022.

Objectives of the Mission:

  • Enhancement of science and technology levels in the country
  • A national project involving several institutes, academia, and industry
  • Improvement of industrial growth
  • Inspiring youth
  • Development of technology for social benefits
  • Improving international collaboration

The Mission

  • Under the Gaganyaan schedule, three flights will be sent in orbit. Of the three, there will be two unmanned flights and one human spaceflight.
  • The human space flight program, called the Orbital Module will have three Indian astronauts, including a woman.
  • It will circle Earth at a low-earth-orbit at an altitude of 300-400 km from the earth for 5-7 days.

The payload will consist of:

  • Crew module - spacecraft carrying human beings.
  • Service module - powered by two liquid-propellant engines.

It will be equipped with emergency escape and emergency mission abort.

GSLV Mk III, also called the LVM-3 (Launch Vehicle Mark-3) the three-stage heavy-lift launch vehicle, will be used to launch Gaganyaan as it has the necessary payload capability.

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