Context: Recently, the Prime Minister of India inaugurated the Vaishwik Bharatiya Vaigyanik (VAIBHAV) Summit, a global virtual summit of overseas and resident Indian researchers and Academicians. 

More on the news: It is a collaborative initiative by S&T and Academic Organisations of India including Department of S&T, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).


  • To bring out the comprehensive roadmap to leverage the expertise and knowledge of global Indian researchers for solving emerging challenges. 
  • To reflect in-depth on the collaboration and cooperation instruments with academia and scientists in India. 
  • To create an ecosystem of Knowledge and Innovation in the country through global outreach.


  • VAIBHAV and Atmanirbhar Bharat: VAIBHAV has led the way in establishing research capability as an important avenue towards Aatmanirbhar Bharat. 
  • A wide spectrum of deliberations: VAIBHAV deliberations were held under a structured framework of many areas and subjects. 
  • New Collaborations in Emerging Areas: Certain areas of collaboration have emerged which were not stressed in the past, such as bioremediation, urban ore recycling and metal organics. 

Need for the initiative:

  • Multiple emerging challenges: Global challenges such as climate change, health issues and sustainable energy resources have a special connotation in the Indian perspective and require immediate considerations.
    • It is time to evolve new ideas and bridge the varied experiences and proficiency of diverse academic cultures to push forward the cause of India.
  • Emergent phenomena: Ideation through Virtual Associations, Complementary Research and Collaborative Development drive rapid turnaround of solutions to common issues confronting the world. 
  • Collaboration is the new driver of Innovation: Collaborative avenues will have a symbiotic bearing whereby Indian Diaspora will be able to connect with their roots, and Indian culture can imbibe the best practices from the global experiences in academics and research.

Other Government Initiatives for overseas Indian:

  • Know India Program (KIP): It is a flagship initiative of the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) for diaspora engagement which familiarizes Indian-origin youth (18-30 years) with their Indian roots and contemporary India.
  • VAJRA (Visiting Advanced Joint Research): It is a scheme of the Department of S&T, exclusively for overseas scientists and academicians NRI and PIO or OCI to work as adjunct or visiting faculty for a specific period of time in Indian Public funded academic and research institutions.