On 9th January 2021, UPSC Conducted General Studies 1 and General Studies 2 Paper for Civil Services Mains Examination 2020. 

Total Marks 250 each for GS 1 and GS 2 

Total Duration: 3 Hours each. 

  • The main Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates rather than merely the range of their information and memory. 
  • The nature and standard of questions in the General Studies papers (Paper II to Paper V) will be such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study. 
  • The questions will be such as to test a candidate’s general awareness of a variety of subjects, which will have relevance for a career in Civil Services. 
  • The questions are likely to test the candidate’s basic understanding of all relevant issues, and ability to analyse, and take a view on conflicting socio-economic goals, objectives and demands. The candidates  are expected to give relevant, meaningful and succinct answers.

GS 1 Paper Comprises of sections: of Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.





Analysis of GS 1 Paper: 

Overall paper was on expected lines with no surprises as per trends of previous years.  

The coverage was comprehensive spanning across the syllabus covering questions from almost every section of GS 1 syllabus except world history this time. 

Questions were asked from portions like:

Art and culture: “Rock-cut architecture” and “Pala period’s significance in Buddhism”.

Modern Indian History: Lord Curzon’s implication on national movement, ideological stand of Indian national movement. 

Geography:   World geography questions like characteristics of circum-pacific zone, process of desertification, melting of Himalayan glaciers, status of forest resources etc., then basic questions from Economic geography like location of iron and steel industries were also there.

Social Issues:  Questions were also asked from basic societal aspects dealing with Indian society keeping current developments in mind like lost relevance of caste system, aggravation of class inequalities because of Covid 19, regionalism in India because of rising cultural assertiveness etc. 

Current developments: Potential of solar energy in India, River interlinkages, digital initiatives etc

Overall, as the paper was quite on expected lines, students are advised to remain stick to the core of syllabus in their due course of preparation keeping focus on current developments.

All the best.


GS Paper- 2 Full Analysis