Civil services are works directly connected to the public service and are widely considered prestigious in India. UPSC conducts public service examinations for job offers from the central government. There are about 24 services included in UPSC civil services exams every year. These services include IAS, IFS, IPS, and many more. In this page, you will also know how to prepare for UPSC  Before going further. Let us discuss some types of civil services in India.

Types of Civil Services

There are three types of civil services that are given below:-

1. All India civil services:

All Indian civil services include the following services:
  • Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
  • Indian Forest Service (IFS)
  • Indian Police Service (IPS)
The agents in these offices are hired by the Center but placed under various states after being trained by the Center. They have the responsibility to serve both the Center and the State. Since 2012, the first level of the civil services examination and the examination of the Indian forest service have been combined.

2. Central Civil Services (CCS)

The central civil services (CCS) are directly linked to the administration and the permanent bureaucracy of the Indian government. The sectors of the public administration specializing in India belong mainly to the central services. The CCS is classified in officials of the Journal of Group A, who are appointed by the President of India itself, and officials of the Journal of Group B, who are appointed by the authorities ordered by the President (except for officers of the Central Secretariat Service, who are selected by the President). Process of Recruitment:- The CCS is assumed through the examination of the civil services, the examination of the UPSC engineering services and the combined post-graduate examination of the Staff Selection Commission (SSC).

3. State Civil Services

State civil services deals in matters relating to the state, including education, income from land, forests, agriculture, etc. Process of recruitment:- State public service commissions conduct the hiring for these offices. Now It’s time to know the Civil Services Examination (CSE) in detail.

Civil Services Examination (CSE)

Although CSE is popularly known as the "IAS exam", the official name of the exam is UPSC Civil Services Exams.  There are many who consider this exam to be the most difficult exam in India (and even on the world stage!). The exam is tested by around 5 Lakh candidates every year.  The UPSC Civil Services Exam takes place in 3 phases:  1) Prelims 2) Mains  3) Interview The examination window extends for one year (from June of the year to the month of June of the next year in which the results are announced).

Civil Service Prelims Examination

In the civil services prelims examination, there are 2 papers in which the questions are objective by nature. General Studies Paper 1 [which covers topics such as history, politics, economics, and many more] General Studies Paper 2 [which cover topics such as mental ability, understanding of English, and many more. This document is popularly known as CSAT - Civil Services Aptitude Test. Tentative IAS Preliminary Examination Date:
  • Date of notification of civil service/ IAS preliminary exams: February.
  • Date of preliminary examination of UPSC civil services: June.
The preliminary exam is mainly an elimination test and, therefore, your grades are not considered for the final ranking.

Civil Service Main Examination

The mains phase is subjective in nature since the answers must be written on paper. The papers in the civil service mains according to the revised syllabus that is given below:- The UPSC civil services mains examination review of the UPSC public services according to the revised syllabus consists of 9 papers. The scores of 7 of these 9 papers will be counted for the final ranking, while 2 papers will be qualifying.

Marking system of  UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination

1 paper on the essay. (250 marks x 1) 4 papers from general studies (dealing with topics such as history, geography, economics, politics, technology, ecology, ethics, and many more). (250 marks x 4) 2 papers on an optional subject, which can be from 25 selected subjects and also 22 languages. (250 marks x 2)

Qualification Roles In The Mains Examination Of UPSC Civil Services

1 paper in English (comprehension, precise writing, etc.). 1 regional language paper (comprehension, precise writing, translation, etc.). The Civil Services Main exam are calculated from 1750.

Tentative IAS Mains Exam Date:

UPSC Civil Services mains notification date: August. Date of the mains UPSC civil services examination: October.

Civil Service Interview

The interview is a face-to-face process that evaluates the potential and commitment of a candidate with society. The interview has 275 marks. Furthermore, the final rankings are calculated by adding the marks of the Mains examinations (from 1750) and those of the interview (from 275) and the ranking will be prepared based on the points obtained from 2025.

Tentative IAS Interview Dates:

Date of notification of the interview with the UPSC civil services: December. Date of the UPSC Civil Services interview: January / February / March.

Civil Services Exam Syllabus

The topics that will be discussed in both papers are given below. Test I - (200 points) Duration: two hours
  • Current events of national and international significance.
  • History of India and the Indian national movement
  • Indian and world geography: physical, social and economic geography of India and also the world.
  • Government and Government of India: Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policies, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and social development Sustainable development, poverty, inclusion, demographics, social sector initiatives, and many more.
  • General issues of environmental ecology, biodiversity and climate change: no specialization in the subject is required.
  • General science
Test II - (200 points) Duration: two hours - this is a qualifying test, candidates must obtain a minimum of 33% to qualify
  • comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills, including communication skills.
  • Logical reasoning and analytical capacity.
  • Decision making and problem-solving.
  • General mental ability
  • Basic mathematics (numbers and their relationships, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Interpretation of data (tables, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. - Class X level).

Books for UPSC Civil Services Exams Preparation

UPSC Civil Services Exams Preparation strategies are given in this link. Also, the necessary UPSC study materials are regularly updated on this website. Read more: UPSC Prelims 2020   |   Daily Current Affairs