In news After a delay of two years the annual Crime in India Report 2017 was published by the NCRB. What does the annual crime in India report 2017 says? Crimes against Women: Majority of cases under crimes against women were registered under:
- Cruelty by Husband or his Relatives’ (27.9%)
- Assault on Women with Intent to Outrage her Modesty’ (21.7%),
- Kidnapping & Abduction of Women’ (20.5%)
- Rape’ (7.0%).
- As per the report, 3,59,849 cases of crime against women were reported in the country.
- Uttar Pradesh topped the list with 56,011 cases followed by Maharashtra with 31,979 cases and West Bengal 30,002.
Incidents of Rioting:
- As per the report, 58,880 incidents of rioting were reported, of which the maximum incidents were reported from Bihar - 11,698, followed by Uttar Pradesh - 8,990 and Maharashtra - 7,743.
- Of the total riots reported, communal and sectarian riots accounted for 723 and 183 incidents respectively.
Incidents under SC/ST Prevention of Atrocities Act:
- The incidents registered under the Scheduled Caste Prevention of Atrocities Act saw an increase from 5,082 in 2016 to 5,775 in 2017.
- Incidents of crime related to Scheduled Tribes dipped from 844 in 2016 to 720 in 2017.
- A total of 95,893 cases of kidnapping and abduction were registered during 2017, showing an increase of 9.0% over 2016 (88,008 cases).
- A total of 63,349 children (20,555 male, 42,691 female and 103 transgender) were reported missing in 2017.
- During the year 2017, a total of 70,440 children (23,564 males, 46,798 females and 78 transgender) were recovered/traced,” the report said.
- The NCRB for the first time collected data on circulation of “false/fake news and rumours.”
- Under the category, maximum incidents were reported from Madhya Pradesh (138), Uttar Pradesh (32) and Kerala (18).
- Domestic Violence Act
- Section 375 (IPC) dealing with Rape
- SC/ST Act [Restored]
- New Social Media Rules
NCRB was set-up in 1986 to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators. It was set up based on the recommendation of the Task Force,1985 and National Police Commission,1977 by merging the Directorate of Coordination and Police Computer (DCPC), Inter State Criminals Data Branch of CBI and Central Finger Print Bureau of CBI. Earlier Statistical Branch of the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) was also merged with NCRB, but was later de-merged. Mission To Empower Indian Police with Information Technology and criminal Intelligence to enable them to uphold law and protect people. To provide leadership and excellence in crime analysis particularly for serious and organized crime. Objectives
- Create and maintain secure sharable National Databases on crimes and criminals for law enforcement agencies and promote their use for public service delivery.
- Collect and process crime statistics at the national level and clearing house of information on crime and criminals both at National and International levels.
- Lead and coordinate the development of IT applications and create an enabling IT environment for Police organizations.
- National repository of fingerprints of all criminals.
- To evaluate, modernize and promote automation in State Crime Records Bureau and State Fingerprint Bureau .
- Training and capacity building in Police Forces in Information Technology and FingerPrint Science.
Evolution of NCRB
1986 NCRB Created 1987 Motor Vehicle Coordination software (Lost and Found) 1990 Commencement of training for Foreign Police Officers 1991 Portrait Building System (PBS) developed (Colour PBS in 2011) 1993 7 IIF forms finalized. 1995 FACTS and CCIS Implementation (Windows based CCIS in 2001 & FACTS-5 in 2005) 1999 Talash software for matching of missing and dead persons 2003 Counterfeit Currency (FICN)Software released 2004 Common Integrated Police Application (CIPA) 2005 Organized Crime System software 2009 CCTNS Approval 2013 CCTNS Pilot Launch & CAS STQC certified 2014 Revised Proforma and software for Crime in India, Motor Vehicle Coordination System(MVCS) Online version released 2016 Digital India Award - Silver Medal in Open Championship category (Digitization of Crime in India since 1967) 2017 Digital Police Portal launched