- The Immunization Programme in India was introduced in 1978 as ‘Expanded Programme of Immunization’ (EPI) by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.
- In 1985, the programme was modified as ‘Universal Immunization Programme’ (UIP) to be implemented in phased manner to cover all districts in the country by 1989-90 with the one of largest health programmes in the world.
- Provide free access to vaccines to all children across the country.
- Establish a reliable cold chain system.
- Achieve self sufficiency in vaccine production.
The UIP has vaccines for tweleve diseases viz
- Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio
Measles (measles-rubella (MR) vaccine – single vaccine for dual protection against measles and rubella)
severe form of Childhood Tuberculosis,
- Meningitis & Pneumonia caused by Hemophilus Influenza type B across the country; (Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) was recently launched against pneumonia and meningitis.)
- Rubella, Japanese Encephalitis and Rotavirus diarrhoea →these 3 only in selected states.