The Union Public Service Commission commonly abbreviated as UPSC, is India's premier central recruiting agency. It is responsible for appointments to and examinations for All India services and group A & group B of Central services.While Department of Personnel and Training is the central personnel agency in India. It is an autonomous body. Articles 315 to 323 of Part XIV of the constitution, mentions the Services Under the Union and the States, provide for a Public Service Commission for the Union and for each state.
Civil services is one of the prestigious exams of the country, after 3 screenings we get the highly qualified force for the country, which becomes a part of our bureaucracy. the IAS is one of the three arms of the All India Services along with the Indian Police Service and the Indian Forest Service. Members of these three services serve the Government of India as well as the individual states. IAS officers may also be deployed to various public sector undertakings.
The UPSC/Civil service exam is conducted once a year, having 3 screenings/stages
First stage/Prelims stage
- The basic problem with every aspirant is that they never study the syllabus thoroughly. It's better to take a print of it and study it carefully word by word.
- The preparation must start at least 9 months before the prelims date, if you are studying from scratch. Start making short notes with updating it on a daily basis.
- Try to read “The Hindu” and “The Indian Express”newspaper on a daily basis, and make a short analysis for the news, this will help you in GS mains papers. And also buy some current affairs magazines, to keep your preparation on track.
- Manage your time accordingly. If you have some weak areas do give it more time. But study all the subjects in a subsequent manner. People will advise you to study 8 to 10 hours, but this is very hypothetical, it is better to study from 4 to 6 hrs consistently.
- Dnt study late at night, try to get up early in the morning and start studying. Take short breaks in between the study time at least take a break after 3 hours or when you complete the topic this will help you to maintain the continuity and will also help you in making a regular sitting for the exam.
- Dnt study a night before the exam, you might lose confidence. Just have rest and plenty of sleep, because the next day you have to perform.
- Elimination stage, Both the papers are equally important as merit is made from paper1 and paper 2 is of qualifying nature, must be cleared with 33%. If any student loses in 2nd paper then its 1st paper won't be evaluated. So both papers must be prepared simultaneously. The result of prelims is declared within 2 months, but many coaching institutes provide the answer key, after tallying your marks with 2 or 3 answer keys. If you have scored roundabout 50 to 52 percent of the total marks, then you can start the preparation of mains.
- UPSC releases admit cards a month before the prelims exam, try to see the exam centre before the exam day. Keep at least 2 print outs of admit cards. Keep your Govt ID, Admit card, black ball point pen ready a day before.
- Trying to reach the centre early at least 30 mins before the exam time and a last minute hurry to avoid tension and panic.
- Have faith in yourself and time, the paper is the same for everyone and the result is always after the performance. So do the best
Second stage/Mains stage
- Always do research, means don't go by single coaching material, search online and do watch the online classes or take demo class, this will give you an idea about the way of teaching and what suits you.
- Start from basics. Go by ncerts, they are the standard books for any elemental preparation. They are all available both online and offline.
- Make your own strategy never go by others, just watch the video of aspirants and take an idea.
- Time Management is the most crucial factor in preparation of any exam. This exam has a huge syllabus. So make a strategy to complete the static syllabus with current affairs in time.
- Take a look at previous year papers, this will give you an idea of how the pattern is and what level of questions are asked.
- Revision is key to success. Do as much revision as you can, before appearing for the exam
- Go for the test series and stick to it. Don't go for many, just take only one. And follow it strictly. Remember to finish the test series at least a month before the date of exam, so that you can build confidence.
- If you are a working professional, then read at least 2 hours daily. And on holidays try to utilise the whole day.
- Read the newspaper daily, and for mains plz follow PIB site, and Articles from Yojana and kurukshetra.
- Choose your optional very carefully either on the basis of your interest or from your background/less in syllabus because after the declaration of result you will be left with 2 months only so you have to do a complete revision plus test series. If you are confused, ask your seniors who are already in this field or the one who have cleared. For example, Pub Ad is mostly chosen because it overlaps Polity and other subjects of prelims and mains.
- MAke short revision notes, or revise them in the last 15 days of exam.
- This exam is of duration of one year, and it is not necessary that everyone clears the exam in one go so have patience and faith.
- Spend some time with family and friends, they will motivate you.
- If in any case you don't clear the exam, never think to do anything wrong to yourself. Remember that you are the biggest asset to your parents. And if In any case you don't clear there are many other govt exams in which you can appear.
Third stage/Interview stage
- This is the final round of the exam, after 2 screening you come across this stage. Try to join interview sessions at some Good coaching institutes.
- There is no specific syllabus for this.
- But try to read the DAF form which you have submitted in the mains exam.
- The things which you have mentioned in it, like your background, graduation, job/experience, hobbies and interest.
- Do a little bit of research of the things, like the current affairs COVID 19, elections, International treaties/news.
- Dress up formally, males must wear full sleeves shirts of plain and light colour or self print lines with pants, females can go for sari of silk or cotton or salwar suits and hairs tired and not covering the face.
- Try to be cordial while talking
- When you enter the conference/interview room ,
knock the door before entering and when they say yes come in, do it with a smile,
Greet everyone with Gud morning/afternoon Don't sit on chair unless you are asked to
Sit patiently and camly, don't be in any hurry, keep a little smile on face, Never see the clock/watch while sitting in the room.
Before answering any question, think for 1 min then answer
Never bluff, if you don't know any answer say “sorry i don't know” After leaving the room, greet again, and leave WITH A SMILE.