• All 193 Member States of the Organization are represented in the General Assembly - one of the six main organs of the UN.
  • It discusses and works together on a wide array of international issues covered by the Charter of the United Nations, such as development, peace and security, international law, etc.
  • Every year in September, all the Members meet in this unique forum at Headquarters in New York for the General Assembly session.
  • Appointments by UNGA - It appoints the Secretary General of UN based on the recommendations given by the Security Council. 
  • The General Assembly elects Non-Permanent members in the Security Council and elects Members for Social and Economic Council.

Adoption of Resolution 

  • Resolution in GA can be adopted in two ways i.e reaching consensus among member states and by voting on the resolution. 
  • Consensus - All member states have agreed to adopt the text of a draft resolution without taking a vote. Consensus is not reached, even if just one Member State requests a vote. 
    • It is important to note that consensus does not mean that all Member States agree on every word in the draft resolution, they can still have reservations about certain parts. 
    • Thus, the viewpoint of every member country is taken into consideration. This process is inclusive in nature. 
  • Voting - It needs to get a simple majority to agree on the text of a resolution. 
    • There is no need to care about the perspectives of the minority who disagree. 
    • Those countries that did not vote in favour of a resolution on a particular agenda item will be less likely to implement the actions on an agenda item that are recommended in a resolution, hence it is divisive.