UAPA Bill cleared amid walkout

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By Moderator July 25, 2019 14:32

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The government on Wednesday pushed for passing of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill 2019, overlooking the demand of the opposition parties to send the bill for greater consultations in the standing committee.

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  • The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Home Affairs, Mr. Amit Shah, on July 8, 2019. The Bill amends the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.
    • The Act provides special procedures to deal with terrorist activities, among other things.
  • An NIA Bill passed recently had given powers to the agency to investigate cases related to fake currency, human trafficking, counterfeit currency and cyber-terrorism. It also extended the NIA’s jurisdiction to outside India, subject to the international treaties and domestic laws of the foreign nation concerned.
  • Now, these two bills will empower the Central government to conduct investigations in those cases which the states used to handle themselves. This is an area where both the Centre and the state often spar owing to political considerations.

The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2019

Who may commit terrorism:

  • Under the Act, the central government may designate an organisation as a terrorist organisation if it:
  • commits or participates in acts of terrorism,
  • prepares for terrorism,
  • promotes terrorism, or
  • is otherwise involved in terrorism.

 

  • The Bill additionally empowers the government to designate individuals as terrorists on the same grounds.

Approval for seizure of property by NIA:

  • Under the Act, an investigating officer is required to obtain the prior approval of the Director General of Police to seize properties that may be connected with terrorism.
  • The Bill adds that if the investigation is conducted by an officer of the National Investigation Agency (NIA), the approval of the Director General of NIA would be required for seizure of such property.

Investigation by NIA:

  • Under the Act, investigation of cases may be conducted by officers of the rank of Deputy Superintendent or Assistant Commissioner of Police or above.
  • The Bill additionally empowers the officers of the NIA, of the rank of Inspector or above, to investigate cases.

Insertion to schedule of treaties:

  • The Act defines terrorist acts to include acts committed within the scope of any of the treaties listed in a schedule to the Act.
  • The Schedule lists nine treaties, including the Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings (1997), and the Convention against Taking of Hostages (1979).
  • The Bill adds another treaty to the list. This is the International Convention for Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (2005).

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/lok-sabha-passes-anti-terror-bill-to-designate-a-person-as-terrorist/article28698696.ece

Moderator
By Moderator July 25, 2019 14:32