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Context: One year has passed since the law against Triple Talaq was passed and there is a decline of about 82 per cent in Triple Talaq cases thereafter. If any such case was reported, the law has taken action as per the government reports.

Background: 

  • Triple Talaq, also known as Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019, was passed by the Indian Parliament as a law on July 30, 2019, to make instant Triple Talaq a criminal offence.
    • It makes the instant triple talaq a criminal offence and provides for a jail term of three years for a Muslim man who commits the crime.
    • The law also makes Triple Talaq a cognisable and non-bailable offence.
    • Custody of children: A married muslim women will get the custody of children if her husband gives Triple Talaq
  • The Government made the law against Triple Talaq to make effective the Supreme Court’s judgement. 
    • The Supreme Court, on 18th May, 2017 in Shayara Bano v. Union of India & Others case had declared Triple Talaq as unconstitutional.
  • Several Muslim-majority nations of the world had declared Triple Talaq as illegal and un-Islamic much earlier. But it took 70 years for India to get rid of this inhuman and cruel practice.

What is Triple Talaq ?

  • Under the Muslim law, Triple Talaq means liberty from the relationship of marriage, eventually or immediately, where the man, by simply uttering the word ‘talaq’ three times, ends his marriage. This instant divorce is called Triple Talaq, also known as ‘talaq-e-biddat’. 
  • The Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act of 1937 had legalised and allowed the practice of Triple Talaq which gave a Muslim husband special privileges over his wife.

Benefits to minorities by govt. initiatives

  • More than 10 lakh Minority youths have been provided employment and employment opportunities through skill development schemes such as “Seekho aur Kamao”, “Garib Nawaz Swarojgar Yojna”, “Usttad”, “Nai Manzil”, “Nai Roushni” etc and more than 50 per cent beneficiaries are women.
  • 3 crore 87 lakh Minority students have been given various scholarships which include about 60 per cent girl students. 
  • A large number of Muslim women have been provided employment and employment opportunities through “Hunar Haat”. 
  • A total of 3040 women have performed Haj after the Union Government ensured Muslim women can perform Haj without “Mehram” (male companion) in 2018. 
  • Government provided benefits to 22 crore farmers under ‘’Kisan Samman Nidhi” which include more than 33 per cent farmers belonging to Minority communities. 
  • About 37 per cent of more than 8 crore beneficiaries of “Ujjwala Yojna” providing free gas connection belong to Minority communities. 
  • The government provided easy loans to about 24 crore people under “Mudra Yojna” for small and medium business and other employment oriented economic activities and more than 36 per cent beneficiaries are from Minority communities. 

Muslim women have significantly been benefitted from these welfare schemes, they have become an equal partner of mainstream development.

Image Source: Times of India