In News: Recently a controversy erupted in Tamil Nadu over the Saffron Coloured image of Thiruvalluvar.

About Thiruvalluvar:

  • Thiruvalluvar, commonly known as Valluvar, was a Tamil saint, poet, and a philosopher. 
  • He is usually shown with a white shawl in the images.
  • Actual details pertaining to his real name, date and place of birth, religious affiliation and family background are not available. Many researchers put his birth date between 1st century BC and 2nd century AD.
  • However many believe he lived at Mylapore, Chennai; was engaged in weaving and got married to a maid known as Vasuki.
  • He advocated a life of discipline, self-control, chastity, non-violence, temperance and devotion.
  • He was a visionary of the future with ‘Universal Society’ as the core theme.
  • Thiruvalluvar’s moral philosophy is anthropo-centric since it focuses on life on this earth rather than aspiring for heavenly abode.
  • His set of codes stipulated in his creation Thirukkural are still applicable to all sections of the world societies with a modern outlook and a democratic autonomy with ultra-modern living comforts and very far advanced science and technology of the third millennium.

About Thirukkural:

  • It means the ‘holy couplets,’ i.e. a text having two lines with seven words each in the Tamil poetic ‘venba’ metre.
  • It has 1330 couplets with 133 chapters each containing 10 couplets.
  • It is a moral compendium which has been classified under three major headings; Aram (righteousness), porul (wealth), ibam (enjoyment). 
  • This view is similar to the Sanskrit tradition of dharma, artha, Kama and moksha.
  • Another interesting feature of this famous text is that its author has not used anywhere the terms such as Tamil language, Tamilian, Tamil country, though all the 1330 couplets are in chaste Tamil language.

THIRUKURAL PHILOSOPHY: It is that of common man and hence he developed his ideals in such a manner that man ought to live as a true human being and cherish all the human values, promote earthly virtues, establish social harmony, engage in domestic life, follow political ideologies, develop mutual assistance, adhere to the life of renunciation, enjoy all kinds of pleasures, contemplate deeply on a few metaphysical issues etc.