Q. The way to economic and social independence for India’s women was already a daunting one. The pandemic is making a bad situation dangerously worse. Comment. 

Why the question:

As we recover from the pandemic, we are seeing disparities in women freedom and social independence get worse. 

Key Demand of the question:

To capture how the pandemic has affected the freedom and social independence of Indian women and suggest remedies.



Here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:


Mention about the harsh realities and disparities that has been exposed by the pandemic to begin your answer. Quote a relevant statistic as well.


In the body bring out how the pandemic has affected the economic independence of women. Use various aspect such as Job losses, Lack of savings, loss of bargaining power, unequal divisions of household labor and low labor participation rate etc. Use relevant facts and figures to substantiate you answer.

In the next part, bring out the impact of pandemic on the social independence of women. Mention about over dependence on men for finances, reduced choices and culturally burdened with high family expectations etc.

In the final mention some possible remedies for the above issues like effective utilization of SHG’s, upskilling and reskilling for woman workforce, recouping the lost jobs etc.


Conclude with a way forward