the-proposed-project-dolphin

 

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Q. In the light of recently proposed Project Dolphin analyze India’s preparedness to protect the species so far. (150 words)

Context: In his Independence Day Speech this year, Indian PM announced the government’s plan to launch a Project Dolphin. 

More on the news

  • The initiative got in-principle approval in December last year itself, at the first meeting of the National Ganga Council (NGC), headed by the Prime Minister. 
  • It will be on the lines of Project Tiger, which has helped increase the tiger population.
  • The Project is aimed at saving both river and marine dolphins
  • Project Dolphin is expected to be implemented by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

Gangetic dolphin

  • The Gangetic river system is home to a vast variety of aquatic life, including the Gangetic dolphin (Platanista gangetica). 
  • The Gangetic dolphin is one of five species of river dolphin found around the world. 
  • Habitat: It is found mainly in the Indian subcontinent, particularly in Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems.
  • Population:  There are about 1,272 dolphins in Uttar Pradesh and 962 in Assam.
  • Conservation status: The Gangetic dolphin remains listed as endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature.
  • Other details:
    • An adult dolphin could weigh between 70 kg and 90 kg. 
    • The breeding season of the Gangetic dolphin extends from January to June. 
    • They feed on several species of fishes, invertebrates etc.
  • Habitat destruction:
    • The construction of dams and barrages and increasing pollution have led to a decline in the population of aquatic animals
  • Need for conservation:
    • Aquatic life is an indicator of the health of river ecosystems. 
    • As the Gangetic dolphin is at the top of the food chain, protecting the species and its habitat will ensure the conservation of aquatic lives of the river.

 

Efforts to save Gangetic dolphins so far

  • WILDLIFE ACT PROTECTION: 
    • After the launch of Ganga Action Plan in 1985, the government on November 24, 1986, included Gangetic dolphins in the First Schedule of the Indian Wildlife (Protection), Act 1972. 
    • This was aimed at checking hunting and providing conservation facilities such as wildlife sanctuaries. 
    • For example, Vikramshila Ganges Dolphin Sanctuary was established in Bihar under this Act.
  • CONSERVATION PLAN: 
    • The Indian government also prepared The Conservation Action Plan for the Ganges River Dolphin 2010-2020.
    • The plan identified threats to Gangetic Dolphins and impact of river traffic, irrigation canals and depletion of prey-base on Dolphins populations”.
  • NATIONAL AQUATIC ANIMAL
    • On October 5, 2009 the Gangetic river dolphin was declared as the national aquatic animal. 
    • Now, the National Mission for Clean Ganga celebrates October 5 as National Ganga River Dolphin Day.

After reading this article, answer the following question for Mains answer writing practice. Also you can post your answers and get them checked free of cost by clicking on the following link.

For Mains: https://www.jatinverma.org/home/typepost/dailymainsanswerwriting

Q. In the light of recently proposed Project Dolphin analyze India’s preparedness to protect the species so far. (150 words)

Image Source: India today