The Munich Agreement and the road to World War II, 80 years ago

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By admin September 2, 2019 16:50

On 2nd September 1, 1939 — German troops marched into Poland, triggering the beginning of World War II.

  • World War II, also called Second World War, was a conflict that involved virtually every part of the world during the years 1939–45.
  • The principal parties were the Axis powers—Germany, Italy, and Japan—and the Allies—France, Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union, and, to a lesser extent, China.

Background of WWII

  • Hitler had threatened to bring war to Europe unless the German-majority areas in the north, south, and west of Czechoslovakia were surrendered to Germany.
  • The German-speaking people living in these areas, referred to in German as
  • The Czechoslovaks were relying on military assistance from France, with which they had an alliance.
  • But Neither France nor Britain felt prepared to defend Czechoslovakia.
  • Both were anxious to avoid a military confrontation with Germany at almost any cost.

Munich Agreement:

  • It was signed on September 30, 1938 between Germany, France, Italy, and Great Britain that permitted German annexation of the Sudetenland, in western Czechoslovakia.
  • Czechoslovakia was forced to agree to the deal under pressure from Great Britain and France, which had a military alliance with the country.
  • Following the Munich Agreement, German troops occupied these areas.
  • It was a part of Hitler’s appeasement policy by the Great Britain. It was instituted in the hope of avoiding war with Germany. In the 1930s British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain allowed Hitler to expand German territory unchecked. It is now widely discredited as a policy of weakness.

Why the war still happened?

  • Six months after the Munich Agreement was signed, Hitler broke the Munich Pact and invaded the whole of Czechoslovakia.
  • In March 1939, Hitler annexed the rest of Czechoslovakia, and the country ceased to exist.
  • On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland despite British and French threats to intervene f.
  • Two days later, Britain declared war against Germany, and World War II began.
admin
By admin September 2, 2019 16:50