The Hindu Current Affairs MCQs by Jatin Verma July 5th, 2019

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By admin July 5, 2019 15:19

Question 1. Sometime seen in news, Ashadhi Bij is 

  1. A harvesting festival of Punjab and Haryana.
  2. The New Year festival celebrated by Kutch people.
  3. A pre monsoon festival celebrate in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
  4. A New Year festival celebrated by Chhattisgarh at the time of monsoon.

 

Answer: B

 

  • 2nd statement is correct

Why in news?

  •  Recently, Prime Minister, has greeted the people on the auspicious occasion of Ashadhi Bij, the Kutchi New Year.
  • Kutchi people, an ethnic group in Sindh, Pakistan and Gujarat, India.

 

Question 2. Consider the following statements about RISAT-2B-

  1. It is an indigenously developed Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Imaging Satellite operating in the X-band.
  2. It will also be utilized for agricultural applications and disaster management support with location specific interest.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1& 2  
  4. None

Answer: c

  • Both are correct

Why in news?

  • Department of Space has launched RISAT-2B, an indigenously developed Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Imaging Satellite operating in the X-band.  The highly agile satellite is capable of operating in different modes including Very High Resolution RADAR imaging modes of 1m x 0.5m resolution and 0.5m x 0.3m resolution. 
  •  In order to increase the number of imaging opportunities, the satellite is placed in an inclined orbit. As, RISAT-2B is a Radar Imaging satellite; it can be operated effectively during day / night / all weather conditions.
  • The Satellite will be used for high resolution spot imaging of locations of interest.  Apart from this, data from RISAT-2B will also be utilized for agriculture applications and disaster management support.
  • Applications of X-Band SAR imagery include Hydrology, Crops, Forestry, Geosciences and Cryosphere. During the time of exigencies, very high resolution, day/night/all-weather imaging capabilities of RISAT-2B could be utilized for Disaster Management Support.

 

Question 3. With reference to Economic Survey 2019, consider the following statements 

  1. Growth of India’s GDP steadily increased to 7.2 % in 2018-19 from 6.8% in 2017-18
  2. Non-Performing Assets are steadily decreasing from last year.
  3. Fiscal deficit of Central Government has steadily declined from last year. 

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 & 3 only
  2. 1 & 2 only
  3. 2 & 3 only 
  4. All of the above

Answer: c

  • 2 & 3 statement is correct and 1st is incorrect
  • India is still the fastest growing major economy in 2018-19.
  • Growth of GDP moderated to 6.8 per cent in 2018-19 from 7.2 per cent in 2017-18.
  • Inflation is contained at 3.4 per cent in 2018-19.
  • Non-Performing Assets as percentage of Gross Advances reduced to 10.1 per cent in December 2018 from 11.5 per cent in March 2018.

Investment growth is recovering since 2017-18:

  • Growth in fixed investment picked up from 8.3 per cent in 2016-17 to 9.3 per cent next year and further to 10.0 per cent in 2018-19.
  • Current account deficit manageable at 2.1 percent of GDP.
  • Fiscal deficit of Central Government declined from 3.5 percent of GDP in 2017-18 to 3.4 percent in 2018-19.
  • Prospects of pickup in growth in 2019-20 on the back of further increase in private investment and acceleration in consumption.

 

Question 4. Consider the following statements about Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index-

  1. It is developed and released by NITI Aayog only. 
  2. Kerala and Himachal Pradesh topped the position in the index.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 & 2
  4. None

Answer: b

  • Only statement 2 is correct
  • The NITI Aayog released the Baseline Report of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index, which comprehensively documents the progress made by India’s States and Union Territories towards implementing the 2030 SDG targets.
  • The SDG India Index, which was developed in collaboration with the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation (MoSPI), Global Green Growth Institute and United Nations in India, was launched by NITI Aayog.
  • NITI Aayog has the twin mandate to oversee the implementation of SDGs in the country, and also promote Competitive and Cooperative Federalism among States and UTs. 
  • The SDG India Index acts as a bridge between these mandates, aligning the SDGs with the Prime Minister’s clarion call of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, which embodies the five Ps of the global SDG movement – people, planet, prosperity, partnership and peace. 
  • The world is now into the third year of the SDG era. The SDGs are ambitious global development goals that address key aspects of universal wellbeing across different socio-economic, cultural, geographical divisions and integrate the economic, social and environmental dimensions of development.
  • According to Economic Survey, India’s SDG Index Score ranges between 42 and 69 for States and between 57 and 68 for UTs:Kerala and Himachal Pradesh are the front runners with a score of 69 amongst states.
  • Chandigarh and Puducherry are the front runners with a score of 68 and 65 respectively among the UTs.

 

Question 5. Consider the following pairs:

  Volcanos                       Location

1) Guallatiri                                  a) Andes, Chili

2) Mt. Etna                                   b) Sicily, Italy

3) Ana                                         c) Krakatoa, Indonesia

4) Stromboli     d) Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy

Select the answer from the given code

  1. 1-a, 2-c, 3-b, 4-d
  2. 1-c, 2-d, 3-a, 4-b
  3. 1-c, 2-a, 3-d, 4-b
  4. 1-a, 2-b, 3-c, 4-d

Answer: d

  • All are correct

Why in news?

  • Recently, Stromboli volcano (Italy) erupted.
  • Volcano is a landform at the end of a conduit or pipe which rises from below the crust and vents to the surface. Magma rises and collects in the magma chamber deep below, resulting in eruptions that are effusive or explosive, forming the mountain landform. The volcanic eruptions are closely associated with sea-floor spreading, plate-tectonics and mountain building process.

Example: Guallatiri                      Andes, Chili

                Mt. Etna                        Sicily, Italy

                Ana                               Karakotoa , Indonesia

               Stromboli       Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy

 

Question 6. Consider the following statements with reference to new Device Fingerprinting Technology-

  1. Device Fingerprinting involves collecting information about a remote computing device for the purpose of identification.
  2. It can be used to fully or partially identify individual devices even when cookies are turned off.
  3. This technology has wide ranging application involving personalized ads by marketing companies, tracking criminal activities by investigation agency etc.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 2 & 3
  2. 1 only
  3. 1 & 3 
  4. 1, 2 & 3

Answer: d

  • All statements are correct

Why in news?

  •  Rise of device fingerprinting technology, which security researchers are calling a next-generation tracking technology. It is also called browser fingerprinting.
  • Browser fingerprinting is an incredibly accurate method of identifying unique browsers and tracking online activity. 
  • Fingerprints can be used to fully or partially identify individual users or devices even when cookies are turned off
  • Websites used to collect information about your browser type and version, as well as your operating system, active plugins, timezone, language, screen resolution and various other active settings.
  • The uniqueness of browser information is closely related to the investigation method of the police and forensic teams, who identify suspects and criminals based on fingerprints at the crime scene.
  • Websites can use your unique fingerprint to gather and generate an in-depth personal file of websites that you’ve visited or target you with very personalized ads.

 

Question 7. Consider the following statements

  1. The export of Basmati rice has increased in last two years
  2. APEDA is under administrative control of Department of Food and Public Distribution.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: a

  • only 1st statement is correct
  • The export of basmati rice has increased from USD 3208.60 million in 2016-17 to USD 4712.44 million in 2018-19.
  • Promotion of exports of agricultural products like basmati rice is a continuous process. The Agricultural & Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), an autonomous organisation under the administrative control of Department of Commerce, has been mandated with the export promotion of rice including basmati rice.

 

Question 8. The word Miyawaki sometime seen in news, refers to 

  1. a method of afforestation
  2. a traditional martial art from Manipur 
  3. a Float festival of China endowed with UNESCO intangible cultural heritage tag
  4. a shifting cultivation performed in North-East India

Answer: a

  • A method of afforestration developed in Japan

Why in news?

  • Miyawaki is a Japanese technique of growing dense plantations in a short time. The method is being extensively used in and around Bengaluru by activists, corporate firms as part of their corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities, and even individuals. A dense plantation can be grown from scratch in a span of two years using the method. 
  • Thang-Ta, which literally means ‘sword and spear’, is one aspect of Huyen Langlon (art of war or method of safe guarding), a traditional martial art from Manipur.
  • Yama, Hoko, Yatai are float festivals of japan are held by communities annually to pray to the gods for peace and protection from natural disasters, entitled with UNESCO intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2018
  • Jhum is a shifting cultivation technique performed in North-East India

 

Question 9. Consider the following statements about the criteria of identifying purticularly vulnerable Tribal groups

  1. Pre-agricultural level of technology
  2. Low level of literacy
  3. Economic backwardness
  4. Population must be more than 10000 individuals

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

  1. 1 only
  2. 4 only
  3. 3 and 4
  4. 2 and 3

Answer: b

  • Only statement 4th is incorrect

Why in news?

Ministry of Tribal Affairs administers a scheme namely ‘Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG)’ specifically for the PVTG populationThe scheme covers the 75 identified PVTGs in 18 States, and Union Territory of Andaman & Nicobar Islands,

The criteria for identifying Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups are: 

  1. Pre-agricultural level of technology,
  2. Low level of literacy,
  3. Economic backwardness,
  4. A declining or stagnant population.

 

Question 10. Consider the following statements

  1. The share of atomic energy electricity generation in the country was about 3% in the year 2017-18.
  2. India Nuclear Insurance Pool (INIP) was setup to provide insurance to cover the liability as prescribed under Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage (CLND) Act 2010.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: c

  • Both the statements are correct
  • Nuclear share has remained around 3% of the total electricity generation in the country. The main reason for low share has been the low installed capacity base. The reasons for low capacity base are:
    1. Technology development and international embargo regime that persisted from 1974 to 2008.
    2. Another constraint faced during the first two decades was availability of financial  resources,as solely  depend  on  budgetary  support
  • M/s General Insurance Corporation of India (GIC-Re), along with several other Indian Insurance Companies, have launched the India Nuclear Insurance Pool (INIP) in 2015, to provide insurance to cover the liability as prescribed under Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage (CLND) Act 2010. It will pave the way for Indian as well as foreign suppliers to participate in the Indian Nuclear Power Projects. 

 

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By admin July 5, 2019 15:19