The Hindu Current Affairs MCQs by Jatin Verma July 28th, 2019

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By admin July 28, 2019 15:32

Question 1 With reference to ‘Locust Warning Organisation’, consider the statements

  1. Its responsibility is to monitor and control of the locust situation in Scheduled Desert Areas.
  2. Locust Control and Research scheme is implemented through the Locust Warning Organisation (LWO).

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 & 2
  4. None

Answer B

1 and 2 statement are correct

India has a Locust Control and Research scheme that is being implemented through the      Locust Warning Organisation (LWO), established in 1939 and amalgamated in 1946 with the Directorate of Plant Protection Quarantine and Storage (PPQS) of the Ministry of Agriculture, according to the PPQS.

The LWO’s responsibility is monitoring and control of the locust situation in Scheduled   Desert Areas mainly in Rajasthan and Gujarat, and partly in Punjab and Haryana.

Locusts (Tiddis) are related to grasshoppers. The common name which it generally refers is ‘short-horned grasshoppers’.

The desert locust is potentially the most dangerous because of the ability of swarms to fly rapidly across great distances.

When environmental conditions produce many green plants, locusts can congregate into thick, mobile, ravenous swarms. Locust swarms can devastate crops and cause major agricultural damage.

 

Question 2. Consider the following statements about IndSpaceEx.

  1. It aims to assess “imminent threats” to the India beyond earth.
  2. It is being conducted by the tri-Service integrated defence staff.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 & 2
  4. None

Answer C

  • Both 1 and 2 statements are correct
  • The Indian armed forces plan to conduct the country’s first ever stimulated space warfare exercise namely IndSpaceEx.
  • The exercise, aims to assess “imminent threats” to the nation beyond earth. It also plans on drafting a joint space doctrine for future battles.
  • The tri-service integrated defence staff, or the IDS, plans on conducting two-day IndSpaceEx with all the stakeholders involved on July 25 and 26. 
  • The development comes on the background of China’s growing influence in space defence and counter-space capabilities.

 

Question 3. Consider the following statements

  1. Shahtoosh shawl is woven with the down hair of the Tibetan antelope.
  2. MoEFCC allows captive breeding of Tibetan antelope for making Shahtoosh shawl.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 & 2 
  4. All of the above

Answer A

  • 1st statement is correct
  • Ministry of Environment and forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has refused to allow captive breading  of Tibetan antelope for making Shahtoosh shawl.
  • Shahtoosh  is the name given to a specific kind of shawl, which is woven with the down hair of the Tibetan antelope (chiru), by craftsmen and women of Kashmir.
  • Chiru is an endangered species under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.
  • The weaving of Shahtoosh shawls continues in secret in Kashmir, India due to high demand by western buyers.

 

Question 4.  Sometimes seen in news ‘Amrabad Tiger Reserve’ is located in

  1. Chhattisgarh
  2. West Bengal
  3. Maharashtra 
  4. Telangana

Answer D

  • Option d is correct
  • Recently a clearance granted for uranium exploration in Amrabad Tiger Reserve, which can destroy a landscape rich in biodiversity. It also supports a hunter-gatherer Scheduled Tribe.
  • It is located in Telangana.

 

Question 5. Arrange the following lakes from west to east-

  1. Lake Superior
  2. Lake Michigan
  3. Lake Huron
  4. Lake Erie
  5. Lake Ontario

Choose the correct option

  1. 2-4-3-5-1
  2. 1-2-3-4-5
  3. 2-1-4-3-5
  4. 1-2-4-3-5

Answer B

 

Question 6. Dolutegravir and Efavirenz, recently in news refers to

  1. New Bacterial species discovered
  2. Antiretroviral Drugs to treat AIDS
  3. Pesticides developed through Nanotechnology
  4. Plant extracts having medicinal property

Answer B

  • Antiretroviral Drugs to treat AIDS

Why in news?

  • World Health Organisation (WHO) has recommended the use of the HIV drug Dolutegravir as the preferred first-line and second-line treatment for all populations, including pregnant women and those of childbearing potential.
  • Efavirenz (EFV), sold under the brand names Sustiva among others, is an antiretroviral medication used to treat and prevent HIV/AIDS.

 

Question 7. Consider the following 

  1. Cheetah
  2. Sumatran Rhinoceros
  3. Pink headed duck
  4. Bramble Cay melomys

Which of the above mentioned species of fauna extinct from India?

  1. 1, 2, 3 and 4
  2. 1, 2, and 3
  3. 1 only
  4. 3 and 4

Answer B

  • Cheetah, Sumatran Rhinoceros, Pink headed duck

Why in news?

  • Four species of fauna and 18 species of flora have gone extinct in India in the past few centuries, according to wildlife survey organisations.
  • Pink-headed duck has gone extinct due to hunting and habitat loss. It was last seen in the wild in 1949.
  • Cheetah in India, the species was declared extinct in India; it is the only animal in recorded history to become extinct from India due to unnatural causes.
  • Northern Sumatran rhinoceros or Chittagong rhinoceros, which once roamed India and Bangladesh, has been declared extinct in these countries.
  • Bramble Cay melomys is an extinct member of the genus Melomys, which contains approximately 20 species of rodents living in the wet habitats of northern Australia

 

Question 8. Which of the following countries share border with Guatemala?

  1. Mexico
  2. Belize
  3. Nicaragua
  4. El-salvador
  5. Honduras

Select the correct code

  1. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
  2. 1, 2, 4, and 5 only
  3. 2, 3 and 5 only
  4. 3 and 4 only

Answer B

  • Mexico, Belize, Nicaragua, El-salvador, Honduras

Why in news?

  • Guatemala’s migrant pact with the US 

 

Question 9. Recently in media, C-17 is a

  1. Multirole fighter aircraft
  2. Transport Aircraft
  3. Multi-role Combat Helicopter
  4. Anti-tank Missile

Answer B

  • Transport Aircraft 

Why in news?

  • US Approves Foreign Military sales to back India’s C-17 Transport Planes.

 

Question 10. ARLS Agreement in news is likely to be signed by India with which country?

  1. Japan
  2. Australia
  3. USA
  4. Russia

Answer D

  • Russia

Why in news?

  • The Agreement on Reciprocal Logistics Support (ARLS) with Russia is expected to be signed during the meeting between Indian Prime Minister and Russian President in September on the sidelines of the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok in Russia.
  • ARLS, a Military Logistics Support Agreements (MLSA) likely to be signed by the year-end, which will further enhance the operational reach of the military in the region. 

 

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By admin July 28, 2019 15:32