The Hindu Current Affairs MCQs by Jatin Verma July 23rd , 2019

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By admin July 23, 2019 12:04

Question 1 Consider the following statements about ‘Resilient Kerala Program’.

  1. It enhances the state’s resilience against the impacts of natural disasters and climate change.
  2. It protects the assets and livelihoods of poor and vulnerable groups through an inclusive and participatory approach. 

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1& 2
  4. None

Answer: C

1 and 2 statement are correct

The Central Govt., Kerala Govt. and the World Bank signed a loan agreement of USD 250 million for the first resilient Kerala program to enhance the State’s resilience against the impacts of natural disasters and climate change.

The Program, which represents the first ‘state partnership’ of the World Bank in India, is the first of two development policy operations aiming to mainstream disaster and climate resilience into critical infrastructure and services.

State partnership is a key pillar of the World Bank’s new Country Partnership Framework for India. 

Through such partnerships, the Bank will support select States striving to bring about systemic improvements in the way development initiatives are planned and executed.

It will focus on strengthening the State’s institutional and financial capacity to protect the assets and livelihoods of poor and vulnerable groups through an inclusive and participatory approach. 

 

Question 2. Which of the following statements about Policy Paralysis is correct?

  1. It is the implementation of social security schemes for the disadvantaged people.
  2. The policies formed by the government are unable to give the desired result.
  3. It is ‘Red Tapism’ associated with bureaucracy.
  4. This pertains to the decisions taken, but not implemented by the lower bureaucracy.

Answer B

  • 2nd statements is correct
  • Policy Paralysis is when the policies formed by the government are unable to give the desired result because that policy alone is insufficient to answer all the problems of the subject under consideration.
  • Reasons for Policy Paralysis –
  • Vested interest
  •  Populism politics to remain in power.
  •  Less enthusiasm in running government etc.

 

Question 3. World Press Freedom Index report published by

  1. World Economic Forum
  2. International Monetary Fund
  3. World Bank
  4. None of the above

Answer D

  • Option d is correct
  • The press freedom index is an annual ranking of countries compiled and published by Reporters Without Borders based upon the organisation’s own assessment of the countries’ press freedom records in the previous year.
  • The World Press Freedom Index 2019 is topped by Norway which is followed by Finland, Sweden, Netherlands and Denmark.
  • India has dropped two places on a global press freedom index to be ranked 140th out of 180 countries.
  • Report indicates an increased sense of hostility towards journalists across the world, with violent attacks in India leading to at least six Indian journalists being killed in the line of their work last year.

 

Question 4. With reference to MOSAiC mission, consider the following statements. 

  1. It is the first year-round expedition into the central Arctic exploring the Arctic climate system.
  2. Its focus lies on direct in-situ observations of the climate processes that couple the atmosphere, ocean, sea ice, bio-geochemistry and ecosystem.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1&2 
  4. None

Answer C

  • Both the statements are correct
  • The MOSAiC mission, which stands for Multidisciplinary Drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate, comes about 125 years after Norwegian explorer Fridtjof Nansen first managed to seal his wooden expedition ship, Fram, into the ice during a three-year expedition to the North Pole.
  • It will be the first year-round expedition into the central Arctic exploring the Arctic climate system. 
  • The project with a total budget exceeding 120 Million € has been designed by an international consortium of leading polar research institutions.
  • It will contribute to a quantum leap in our understanding of the coupled Arctic climate system and its representation in global climate models. The focus of MOSAiC lies on direct in-situ observations of the climate processes that couples the atmosphere, ocean, sea ice, bio-geochemistry and ecosystem.
  • It will contribute to enhance understanding of the regional and global consequences of Arctic climate change and sea-ice loss and improve weather and climate predictions.

 

Question 5. Consider the following pairs-

Grassland                            Location

  1. Pampas                    – North America
  2. Veldt                        – New Zealand
  3. Prairies                    – Central Asia
  4. Steppes                    – South America

Which of the pairs are correctly match-

  1. 1, 2, 3
  2. 1, 2, 3, 4
  3. 2, 3, 4
  4. None of the above

Answer D

 

Question 6. Consider the following statements with respect to Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill, 2019.

  1. Person who has been a Judge of the Supreme Court is also made eligible to be appointed as Chairperson of the Commission in addition to the person who has been the Chief Justice of India.
  2. The term of chairperson has been reduced to 3 years who will be eligible for reappointment.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both are True
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer C

  • Both the statements are correct

Why in news?

  • The Rajya Sabha passed the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill, 2019 unanimously.
  • The Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill, 2019, inter alia, provides
    • that a person who has been a Judge of the Supreme Court is also made eligible to be appointed as Chairperson of the Commission in addition to the person who has been the Chief Justice of India
    • to increase the members of the Commission from two to three of which, one shall be a woman;
  • to include Chairperson of the National Commission for Backward Classes, Chairperson of the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights and the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities as deemed Members of the Commission;
  • to reduce the term of the Chairperson and Members of the Commission and the State Commissions from five to three years who shall be eligible for re-appointment;
  • to provide that a person who has been a Judge of a High Court is also made eligible to be appointed as Chairperson of the State Commission in addition to the person who has been the Chief Justice of the High Court; and,
  • To confer upon State Commissions, the functions relating to human rights being discharged by the Union territories, other than the Union territory of Delhi, which will be dealt with by the Commission.

 

Question 7. With reference to the ‘Pencil Portal’, consider the following statements.

  1. It is implemented by Ministry of Human Resource Development.
  2. The portal connects central govt to state govts, district, societies and general public in achieving 100% child literacy.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both are True
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer D

  • Both the statements are incorrect

Why in news?

  • As per report of Union Minitry of Labour and Employment report to Loksabha, 361 Complaints of Child Labour Resolved Through Pencil Portal.
  • To ensure effective implementation of National Child Labour Project (NCLP) an electronic platform named Platform for Effective Enforcement for No Child Labour (PENCIL) had been launched by the Ministry of Labour and Employment.
  • It aims at involving Centre, State, District, Governments, civil society and the general public in achieving the target of child labour free society.
  • The districts will nominate District Nodal Officers (DNOs) who will receive the complaints and within 48 hours of receiving, they will check the genuineness of the complaint and take the rescue measures in coordination with police, if the complaint is found to be genuine. Till date, 7 states/UTs have appointed the DNOs.
  • India has ratified the two Core Conventions of International Labour Organization (ILO), Convention 138 regarding admission of age to employment and Convention 182 regarding worst forms of Child Labour in June 2017 which shows the country’s commitment to a child labour free nation.

 

Question 8. Which among the following crops are used for the biofuel production?

  1. Corn
  2. Sugarcane
  3. Jathropha
  4. Cottonseed
  5. Wheat
  6. Rapeseed

Select the correct code from the following options

  1. 3 only
  2. 3, 4 and 5
  3. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  4. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6 only

Answer A

  • All the codes are correct

Why in news?

  • Govt allowed the direct sale of biodiesel (B100) for blending with high speed diesel to all consumers, in accordance with the specified blending limits.
  • Refineries produce ethanol from various types of “feedstock,” including wheat and barley, roughly 90 percent of America’s ethanol comes from corn
  • Cottonseed is non-edible oil can be converted into bio-diesel fuel as ethyl fuel as ethyl ester by transesterification
  • India is the largest producer of jatropha. In fact India’s biodiesel industry centers on the plant, bringing economic benefits to rural farmers who can grow the crop on land ill-suited for food production. Ethanol is produced from sugarcane molasses
  • Rapeseed or canola seed, the edible crop varieties, is used in biodiesel energy production. 

 

Question 9. It is essentially a tropical plant growing mostly between 20° N and 20° S latitudes. Indian southern  states accounts for 90 per cent of its area and production the ideal temperature for its growth and yield is 27 ± 5° C and humidity > 60 per cent.  It grows well upto an elevation of 600 m above mean sea level. a well distributed rainfall of about 200 cm per year is the best for proper growth and higher yield. In areas of inadequate rainfall with uneven distribution, irrigation is required.

The above statement refers to which crop?

  1. Pepper
  2. Coffee
  3. Coconut
  4. Cardamum

Answer C

  • Coconut
  • Millions of families in India depend on coconut for their livelihood either directly or indirectly. India ranks third in area and production of coconut in the world. The four southern states viz . Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are the major coconut producing states in India accounting for more than 90 per cent of area and production. There is a great scope for enhancing the productivity of coconut through adoption of scientific cultivation technologies, which are described here under.

 

Question 10. Consider the following islands

  1. Kakinada Hope
  2. Agatti
  3. Sriharikota
  4. Majuli

Select the correct arrangement of islands from the East to West?

  1. 4, 1, 3, 2
  2. 2, 4, 1, 3
  3. 4, 3, 1, 2
  4. 1, 4, 3, 2

Answer C

  • Majuli -> Kakinada Hope ->

 Sriharikota -> Agatti

 

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By admin July 23, 2019 12:04