The Hindu Current Affairs MCQs by Jatin Verma July 21st, 2019

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By admin July 21, 2019 12:00

Question 1 With reference to Investigation Tracking System for Sexual Offences (ITSSO), consider the statements.

  1. It is meant for law enforcement agencies in the country.
  2. It allows state to undertake real-time monitoring and management for completion of investigation within 2 months.
  3. It enables sharing of information between police Stations, state officers only.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. All of the above
  4. Only 2

Answer: A

  • 1 and 2 statement are correct

Why in news:

  • ITSSO is meant for Law Enforcement Agencies in the country. The Investigation Tracking System for Sexual Offences (ITSSO)  is an online module available to law enforcement agencies at all levels- National, State, District and Police Station that allows State to undertake real-time monitoring and management for completion of investigation in rape cases in 2 months. It leverages the existing CCTNS data base, which covers nearly 15000 police stations in the country. ITSSO would greatly strengthen States’ ability for analytics and prognosis for timely investigation and prosecution in rape cases.
  • The Criminal Law Amendment in April 2018 prescribes stringent penal provisions including death penalty for rape of a girl below the age of 12 years. For swift administration of justice in such cases, the Act also inter-alia mandates completion of investigation and trials within 2 months. To enhance women safety in the country, Government has formulated a multi-pronged action plan and initiated a series of measures. ITSSO is one of such measures developed by MHA towards Smart Policing.

 

Question 2. Consider the following statements about ‘Safe City Project’.

  1. It provides safe rehabilitation centre for women and girls.
  2. The projects are funded under Nirbhaya Fund scheme.
  3. These projects have been prepared jointly by Municipal bodies and Police.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 3 
  2. 2 and 3 
  3. 1 and 2
  4. All of the above

Answer B

  • Only 2 and 3 statements are correct
  • In order to instill sense of security in women in metro cities, Government has identified eight cities for implementation of Safe City projects in first phase. The cities are Ahmadabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Lucknow & Mumbai. 
  • The projects are funded under Nirbhaya Fund scheme. The projects have been prepared jointly by Municipal bodies and City Police and reflect integrated action for safety of women. 
  • Safe City projects involves creation of on-ground assets, resources & behavior change programs for safety of women. The projects will supplement existing assets and meet citizen demands for safe eco-system for women in these cities. 
  • All the measures would be coordinated through an ‘Integrated Smart Control Room’ in the city. 
  • In order to facilitate States to monitor and manage the Safe City projects and avoid duplication on ground, an online Safe City Implementation Monitoring (SCIM) portal has been developed by MHA.
  • SCIM will facilitate online tracking of deployment of assets and infrastructure created under the Safe City projects. SCIM facilitates an evidence based online monitoring system. 
  • Details on assets and infrastructure are captured along with latitude and longitude using GPS for greater transparency. 
  • SCIM also creates a digital repository of assets, infrastructure and social outreach programs, as well as best practices achieved in each City.

 

Question 3. Consider the following statements

  1. Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary (VGDS), is the only dolphin sanctuary in the country.
  2. Irrawaddy dolphin is found in Ganga river and it is national aquatic animal.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 &2 
  4. All of the above

Answer A

  • 1st statement is correct and 2nd  is incorrect

Why in news

  • Restricting the speeds of vessels and blowing sirens and horns is how the Ministry of Shipping plans to safeguard the population of the Ganges River Dolphin, in the country’s one dolphin reserve through which National Waterway-1 connecting Haldia to Varanasi passes.
  • The Ganges river dolphin is primarily found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers and their tributaries in Bangladesh, India and Nepal.
  • The Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary (VGDS), from Sultanganj to Kahalganj on the Ganga in Bihar is the only dolphin sanctuary in the country.
  • The Ganges river dolphin has been recognized by the government of India as its National Aquatic Animal and is the official animal of the city of Guwahati.
  • Irrawaddy dolphin is a euryhaline species of oceanic dolphin found in discontinuous subpopulations near sea coasts and in estuaries and rivers in parts of the Bay of Bengal and Southeast Asia.

 

Question 4. Recently, India signed an agreement for sister cities with which country?

  1. United States
  2. Japan 
  3. China
  4. Singapore

Answer B

  • 2 option is correct

Why in news

  • Recently, MoU was signed in Japan by India to become Ahmadabad and Kobe as a sister cities.
  • The concept of sister cities or twin towns is a legal and social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states between two separate countries to promote cultural and commercial ties.
  • The plan was conceived after the end of World War II to promote peaceful coexistence and to encourage trade and tourism.
  • In diplomacy, this concept is seen as a way to enhance strategic ties between two nations, both cultural as well as economic.
  • India has signed sister city agreements with many countries including China, US, Australia, Russia, Canada, Mauritius, Germany, Hungary, South Korea, Bangladesh, Lithuania, Portugal, Belarus and Jordan.

 

Question 5. Which of the following countries touches Bay of Biscay?

  1. France
  2. Belgium
  3. Spain
  4. Netherland

Choose the correct option

  1. 1, 2 & 3
  2. 2, 3 & 4
  3. 1 & 3
  4. All of the above

Answer C

Option c is correct

 

Question 6. Recently in news, Abu Musa island is situated in 

  1. Gulf of Oman
  2. Persian Gulf
  3. Red Sea
  4. Gulf of Aden

Answer B

  • Persian Gulf

Why in news?

  • Iran eyes to expand and improve air and maritime transportation to Abu Musa Island in eastern Persian Gulf for tourism development.
  • Abu Musa Island is strategically located in the bottleneck of the Strait of Hormuz. Since the 1980s, Iran has installed launch pads for advanced anti-ship missiles on the island, which been a dispute between Iran and the UAE.
  • This is considered a crucial territory amidst the oil crisis in Gulf region.

 

Question 7. Which of the following is/are the application of Blockchain Technology?

  1. Birth, wedding, and death certificates 
  2. Insurance: Claims processing
  3. For automating regulatory compliance
  4. Real estate, land, and auto title transfers
  5. Food safety

Choose the correct answer from the given codes

    1. 1, 2, 3, and 4 only
    2. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 
    3. 2, 3 and 4 only

 

  • 1 and 5 only

 

Answer B

  • All statements are correct
  • Food safety: tracing food from its origin to your plate. Since blockchain data is immutable, you’d be able to trace the transport of food products from their origin to the supermarket 
  • Birth, wedding, and death certificates
  • Insurance claims processing: The blockchain provides a perfect system for risk-free management and transparency. Its encryption properties allow insurers to capture the ownership of assets to be insured.
  • For automating regulatory compliance: Beyond just being a trusted repository of information, blockchain technology could enable regulatory compliance in code form
  • Real estate, land, and auto title transfers: One of the primary goals of blockchain is to take paper out of the equation, since paper trails are often a source of confusion. 
  • If you’re buying or selling land, a house, or a car, you’ll need to transfer or receive a title. Instead of handling this on paper, blockchain can store titles on its network, allowing for a transparent view of this transfer, as well as presenting a crystal-clear picture of legal ownership.

 

Question 8. Which of the following does not refer to ‘Colistin’

  1. It is a valuable, last-resort antibiotic for multi-drug resistance.
  2. It is highest priority critically important antibiotic (HPCIA) in the WHO’s list of critically important antimicrobials for human medicine.
  3. It is widely used in growth promotion as well as for preventing diseases in healthy animals.
  4. It is recommended for food-producing animals, poultry, aqua farming and animal feed supplements.

Answer D

  • 4th statement is incorrect

Why in news?

  • The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has issued an order prohibiting the manufacture, sale and distribution of colistin and its formulations for food-producing animals, poultry, aqua farming and animal feed supplements.
  • Listed as a highest priority critically important antibiotic (HPCIA) in the WHO’s list of critically important antimicrobials for human medicine. But it is allowed to be used for non-therapeutic purposes in animals including preventing diseases in healthy animals.
  • It remains one of the last-resort antibiotics for multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Acinetobacter.

 

Question 9. With reference to Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), consider the following statements.

  1. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies are methods that sequence nucleotides efficiently and cost effectively than conventional sequencing method.
  2. The technology paves the way for faster and cheaper solution for criminal identification.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both are True
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer C

  • Both the statements are correct

Why in news?

  • Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) facility is the fourth such facility in the country, which can sequence 30 human genomes a day, was inaugurated by Union Minister of Science and Technology at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), a CSIR lab in Hyderabad.
  • Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology and informatics deliver far more insights from forensic DNA than traditional methods efficiently with a greater degree of certainty.

 

Question 10. Global Innovation Index is annually published by

  1. Cornell University
  2. INSEAD 
  3. World Intellectual Property Organization 
  4. All of the Above

Answer D

  • All of the Above

Why in news?

  • The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) along with the World Intellectual Property Organization will release the Global Innovation Index (GII) 2019 on July 24.
  • The GII measures how innovation friendly the environments of global economies are based on 80 detailed metrics.
  • It is published by Cornell University, INSEAD, and the World Intellectual Property Organization, in partnership with other organisations and institutions and is based on both subjective and objective data derived from several sources, including the ITU, WB, and WEF.

 

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By admin July 21, 2019 12:00