The Hindu Current Affairs MCQs by Jatin Verma July 12th, 2019

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By admin July 12, 2019 22:03

Question 1.  With reference to National Nutrition Mission (NNM), consider the statements.

  1. It is a flagship programme of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare.
  2. It aims to achieve improvement in nutritional status of Children from 0-6 years and pregnant women only.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1& 2
  4. None

Answer: D

  • Both statements are incorrect
  • POSHAN Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission) is a flagship programme of the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD), which ensures convergence with various programmes i.e., Anganwadi Services, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), Scheme for Adolescent Girls (SAG) of MWCD Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), National Health Mission (NHM), Swachh-Bharat Mission, Public Distribution System (PDS), Department Food & Public Distribution, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) and Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation.
  • The goals of NNM are to achieve improvement in nutritional status of Children from 0-6 years, Adolescent Girls, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers in a time bound manner during the next three years beginning 2017-18.

 

Question 2. Sometimes in news, Libra, a digital currency is related to-

  1. Facebook
  2. Amazon
  3. Apple
  4. Google

Answer A

  • 1st option is correct

Why in news?

  • Facebook has announced a digital currency called Libra that will roll out for use in 2020 and allow the platform’s billions of users across the globe to make financial transactions online.
  • It is a “global currency and financial infrastructure” powered by a new Facebook-created version of block chain, the encrypted technology used by bit coin and other crypto currencies.

 

Question 3. Recently a report on ‘Benchmarking India’s Payment Systems’ was released by

  1. National Payment Corporation of India
  2. Reserve Bank of India
  3. Securities and Exchange Board of India
  4. Indian Banks Association

Answer B

  • 2nd statement is correct

Why in news?

  •  The Reserve Bank of India released a report on “Benchmarking India’s Payment Systems” which provides a comparative position of the payment system ecosystem in India relative to comparable payment systems and usage trends in other major countries.
  • “Benchmarking India’s Payments Systems is necessary to gauge India’s progress vis-à-vis payment systems and instruments in major countries and give further impetus to the planned efforts for deepening the digitisation of payments.

 

Question 4. Consider the following statements about Witness Protection Scheme.

  1. It extends to protect life of witness only.
  2. Scheme provides for a ‘State Witness Protection Fund’ for meeting the expenses.  

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1&2
  4. None

Answer B

  • Only 2nd statement is correct 
  • Witness Protection Scheme, 2018 provides for protection of witnesses based on the threat assessment and protection measures inter alia include protection/change of identity of witnesses, their relocation, installation of security devices at the residence of witnesses, usage of specially designed Court rooms, etc.
  • Scheme provides for three categories of witness as per threat perception-
  •  Threat extends to life of witness or his family members, during investigation/trial or thereafter.
  • Threat extends to safety, reputation or property of the witness or his family members, during the investigation/trial or thereafter.
  • Threat   is   moderate   and   extends   to harassment or intimidation of the witness or his family member’s, reputation          or property, during the investigation/trial or thereafter.
  • Scheme provides for a State Witness Protection Fund for meeting the expenses of the scheme.  This fund shall be operated by the Department/Ministry of Home under State/UT Government.

 

Question 5. Which of the following water bodies are connected by Strait of Kerch-

  1. Black sea and Azov sea
  2. Caspian sea and Black sea
  3. Sea of Marmara and Black sea
  4. Caspian sea and Azov sea

Answer A

Option a is correct

 

Question 6. Recently in news, tribe ‘Dongria Kondh’  is native to which state?

  1. Madhya Pradesh
  2. Odisha
  3. Maharashtra
  4. Jharkhand

Answer B

  • Odisha

Why in news?

  • 8,000-plus Dongria Kondh lived under the threat of mining by industrialists, who hoped to extract the estimated $2 billion-worth of bauxite that lies under the surface of the Niyamgiri hills.
  • The Niyamgiri hill range in Odisha state, eastern India, is home to the Dongria Kondh tribe.
  • This Tribe farm the hills’ fertile slopes, harvest their produce, and worship the mountain god Niyam Raja and the hills he presides over, including the 4,000 metre Mountain of the Law, Niyam Dongar.

 

Question 7. Consider the following statements with reference to National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 4.

  1. The Survey is a large-scale, multi-round survey conducted in each households throughout India.
  2. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is the nodal agency for the conduction of Survey.
  3. According to the survey, highest rate of Underweight prevalence was found in Jharkhand.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 3 only
  2. 1, 2 & 3
  3. 1 & 2
  4. 2 & 3

Answer A

  • Only 3rd statement is correct
  • The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) is a large-scale, multi-round survey conducted in a representative sample of households throughout India.
  • The NFHS is a collaborative project of the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai, India; ORC Macro, USA and the East-West Center, USA. 
  • The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW), Government of India, designated IIPS as the nodal agency, responsible for providing coordination and technical guidance for the NFHS.
  • According to the survey, highest rate of Underweight prevalence was found in Jharkhand followed by Bihar and Madhya Pradesh. Lowest being the Mizoram.

 

Question 8. In context of recently released Police station 2018 ranking consider the following statements.

  1. The ranking is introduced by Ministry of Home Affairs.
  2. Farrakka (Murshidabad, West Bengal) Police Station was awarded the Best Station.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer B

  • Only 1st statement is correct

Why is news

  • Ministry of Home Affairs has introduced a system for ranking of Police station 2018.
  • It is a two stage process where 3 Police Stations from States ( having more than 750 police stations), 2 each from all other States and Delhi and 1 each from Union Territories are selected from more than 15,000 Police Stations in the country
  • The top three police stations in the country assessed in 2018:
    1. Kalu, Bikaner, Rajasthan
    2. Campbell Bay, Nicobar, A&N Island
    3. Farakka, Murshidabad, West Bengal

 

Question 9. Consider the following statements.

  1. Neutrinos are the most abundant particles in the Universe.
  2. Recently Indian Govt. approved setting up of India-based Neutrino Observator (INO) in Telangana.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer D

  • Both the statements are incorrect

Why in news?

  • Recently Indian Govt. approved to setup India-based Neutrino Observator (INO) at Pottipuram in Theni district of Tamil nadu.
  • There is no other neutrino detecter anywhere in India at present.
  • A neutrino is a subatomic particle that is very similar to an electron, but has no electrical charge and a very small mass, which might even be zero. Neutrinos are Second most abundant particles in the universe after Photons. 

 

Question 10. As per the Constitution consider the following statements. 

  1. A Member of Parliament can be disqualified on the ground of furnishing false information to election commission.
  2. It enables High Court to declare an election of a candidate void if disqualified candidate is elected.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer D

  • Both are incorrect

Why in news

  • The election of Union Minister Harsh Vardhan, BJP MPs Hans Raj Hans and Meenakshi Lekhi to the Lok Sabha was challenged before the Delhi High Court on Thursday on various grounds, including giving false information in their affidavits.
  • Five grounds of disqualification of a Member of Parliament
    1. If he holds any office of profit under the Union or State Government;
    2. If he is of unsound mind and stands so declared by a court;
    3. If he is an undischarged insolvent;
    4. If not a citizen of India or has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of a foreign state or is under any acknowledgement of allegiance to a foreign state;
    5. Disqualified by any law made by Parliament.
  • The dispute resolution of election of a Member of Parliament is not mentioned in the Constitution.
  • Representation of People Act (1951) enables High Court to declare an election of a candidate void if disqualified candidate is elected.

 

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By admin July 12, 2019 22:03