The Hindu Current Affairs MCQs by Jatin Verma July 11th, 2019

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By admin July 11, 2019 22:01

Question 1.  Sometime seen in news, Lunar Evacuation System Assembly (LESA) is related to-

  1. It is NASA’s 2024 Moon mission Lander.
  2. It is a soft landing lunar rover by ISRO.
  3. Rescue an injured astronaut on the lunar surface.
  4. Polar robot to scout for water.

Answer: C

  • Option C is correct
  • Evacuation System Assembly or Lunar Evacuation System Assembly (LESA (LESA) is a pyramid-like structure whose purpose is to rescue an astronaut should he or she suffer an injury on the lunar surface. 
  • It is the European Space Agency (ESA). 
  • LESA can be operated by a single astronaut to rescue a fallen colleague. 
  • It enables an astronaut to lift their crewmate onto a mobile stretcher in less than 10 minutes, before carrying them to the safety of a nearby pressurised lander. 
  • Astronauts are testing LESA under the sea. With its rocky, sandy terrain and buoyant salt water, the bottom of the ocean floor has much in common with the lunar surface. 

 

Question 2. Consider the following statements about Jal Jeevan Mission.

  1. It is an initiative of Ministry of Drinking water and Sanitaion.
  2. It ensures Har Ghar Jal (piped water supply) to all rural households by 2024.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. Only 1 
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1&2
  4. None

Answer B

  • Only 2nd Option is correct
  • The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation was a ministry of the Government of India formed in 2011. From May 2019, the ministry has been merged with the Ministry of Jal Shakti. 
  • New Ministry-“Jal Shakti Mantralaya” to manage water resources and water supply in an integrated and holistic manner with the State Governments
  • Providing access to safe and adequate drinking water to all Indians is a priority of the Government.
  • Jal Jeevan Mission to ensure HarGharJal (piped water supply) to all rural households by 2024.
  • The Jal Jeevan Mission will converge with other Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives of sustainable water supply management across the country. 

 

Question 3. With reference to Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development (AIBD), consider the following statements.

  1. It was established in 1977 under the auspices of UNESCO.
  2. It is a unique regional inter-governmental organisation servicing countries of the UN-ESCAP in the field of electronic media development. 

Which of the following is/are correct?

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1&2
  4. None

Answer C

  • Both the options are correct
  • The Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development (AIBD) was established in 1977 under the auspices of UNESCO. It is hosted by the Government of Malaysia and the secretariat is located in Kuala Lumpur.
  • The International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) are founding organisations of the Institute and they are non-voting members of the General Conference.
  • The Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU) is a founding organisation of the Institute and is a non-voting member of the General Conference.
  • It is a unique regional inter-governmental organisation servicing countries of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-ESCAP) in the field of electronic media development. It is mandated to achieve a vibrant and cohesive electronic media environment in the Asia-Pacific region through policy and resource development.
  • Full membership of the AIBD is confined to sovereign states and they are invited to designate the broadcasting authority of the country to be the beneficiary. The AIBD currently has 26 Full Members (countries), represented by 34 organisations, and 67 Affiliate Members (organisations) with a total membership of 101 representing 48 countries and regions and over 50 partners in Asia, Pacific, Europe, Africa, Arab States and North America.

 

Question 4. Which of the following countries touch the Black Sea?

  1. Bulgaria
  2. Georgia
  3. Russia
  4. Ukraine

 Choose the correct option

  1. 1, 2, 4
  2. 2, 3
  3. 3, 4
  4. All of the above

Answer C

All the options are correct

 

Question 5. With reference to Register of Indigenous Inhabitants of Nagaland (RIIN), consider the following statements.

  1. Its objective is to prevent people from acquiring fake indigenous inhabitants’ certificates.
  2. It will be the first official master list of Nagaland’s indigenous inhabitants.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1& 2
  4. None

Answer C

  • All the statements are correct
  • The Nagaland government is initiating an exercise to prepare a master list of all indigenous inhabitants of the State. 
  • This list, called the Register of Indigenous Inhabitants of Nagaland (RIIN), is seen as a localised version of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) of Assam.
  • The RIIN will be the first official master list of Nagaland’s indigenous inhabitants. Its objective is to prevent people from acquiring fake indigenous inhabitants’ certificates.

 

Question 6. The word ‘Spitzer telescope’ is sometimes mentioned in news, the correct option is-

  1. It is stored in Indian Astronomical Observatory (IAO), located in Ladakh.
  2. It is Ultra-Violet Imaging Telescope.
  3. It is used to explore the stars’ position.
  4. It is used to explore the cosmos in infrared light.

Answer B.

  • Option 4 is correct

Why in news

  • The Spitzer Space Telescope, formerly the Space Infrared Telescope Facility, is an infrared space telescope launched in 2003.
  • Spitzer space telescope of NASA will be retired on January 30, 2020. Spitzer is going to shut down permanently after about 16 years of exploring the cosmos in infrared light. 
  • It aims to study the universe in the infrared. It is the last mission of the NASA Great Observatories program,
  • By 2020, Spitzer space telescope will have operated for more than 11 years beyond its prime mission.

 

Question 7. Consider the following statements with reference to Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS).

  1. It is marketed by United Nations General Assembly Resolution.
  2. India is a founding member of KPCS.
  3. It aims to prevent “conflict diamonds” from entering the mainstream Synthetic diamond.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 & 3
  2. 2 & 3
  3. 1 & 2 
  4. All of the above

Answer C

  • Only 1 and 2 statements are correct
  • The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) is the process established in 2003 to prevent “conflict diamonds” from entering the mainstream rough diamond market by United Nations General Assembly Resolution 55/56 following recommendations in the Fowler Report.
  •  The process was set up “to ensure that diamond purchases were not financing violence by rebel movements and their allies seeking to undermine legitimate governments.”
  • The effectiveness of the process has been brought into question by organizations such as Global Witness (pulled out of the scheme on 5 December 2011) and IMPACT (pulled out on 14 December 2017), claiming it has failed in its purpose and does not provide markets with assurance that the diamonds are not conflict diamonds.
  • India is founding member of KPCS.

 

Question 8. Consider the following statements about NASA’s OSIRIS-Rex.

  1. It aims to extend the exploration of the solar system beyond the neighbourhood of the outer planets to the outer limits of the Sun’s sphere.  
  2. Mission has the potential for obtaining useful interplanetary, and possibly interstellar, fields, particles, and waves.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer D.

  • Both the statements are correct.
  • OSIRIS-Rex stands for Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, and Security-Regolith Explorer. 
  • Mission is all set to reach the Bennu asteroid – a rock that may predate the solar system – where its primary mission is to hover just above it, grab a sample of rock and dust and bring it back to Earth.
  • It will travel to a near-Earth asteroid called Bennu and bring a small sample back to Earth for study. 
  • OSIRIS-REx is the third mission in NASA’s New Frontiers program, which previously sent the New Horizons spacecraft zooming by Pluto and the Juno spacecraft into orbit around Jupiter.
  • OSIRIS-REx will be conducting a range of scientific experiments in order to better understand the asteroid.
  • The aim of the mission is to collect a sample of regolith- the loose, soil-like material which covers the surface of the asteroid.
  • In July 2020, the probe will move to within a few metres of Bennu, extending its robotic arm to touch the asteroid’s surface. The arm will make contact with the surface for just 5 seconds, during which a blast of nitrogen gas will be used to stir up the regolith, allowing it to be sucked into the sample collector.
  • OSIRIS-REx has enough nitrogen on board for 3 sample collection attempts, and NASA are hoping to collect between 60 and 2000g of regolith material to bring back to Earth.

 

Question 9. In context of Chicago convention, consider the following statements.

  1. It is also known as International Convention on International Civil Aviation, under UN specialized agency.
  2. It does not exempt air fuels in transit from (double) taxation.
  3. It establishes rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety, and details the rights of the signatories in relation to air travel.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 3 only 
  3. 1 & 3
  4. 1, 2 & 3

Answer C

  • 1st and 3rd statements are correct
  •  International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a UN specialized agency, established by States in 1944 to manage the administration and governance of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention).
  •  Convention on International Civil Aviation (also known as Chicago Convention), was signed on 7 December 1944 by 52 States.
  • Pending ratification of the Convention by 26 States, the Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization (PICAO) was established.
  • ICAO became a specialized agency of the United Nations linked to Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
  • The Convention establishes rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety, and details the rights of the signatories in relation to air travel. The Convention also exempts air fuels in transit from (double) taxation.

 

Question 10. Consider the following statements about Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC).

  1. FSDC is a statutory body. 
  2. It aims to maintain financial stability, enhancing inter-regulatory coordination and promoting financial sector development.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer B.

  • Only 2nd option is correct
  • Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) was constituted in December, 2010. 
  • It was set up to strengthen and institutionalise the mechanism for maintaining financial stability, enhancing inter-regulatory coordination and promoting financial sector development.
  • It is not a statutory body.
  • Recently, the government had included ministry of electronics and information technology (MeitY) secretary in the FSDC in view of the increased focus of the government on digital economy.
  •  It is chaired by the Union Finance Minister and its members.

 

admin
By admin July 11, 2019 22:01