Context: The Ministry of Power has released a Report on “Impact of energy efficiency measures for the year 2018-19” through a Video conference recently. 

More on the news: 

  • This report was prepared by an Expert agency PWC Ltd, who was engaged by Bureau of Energy efficiency (BEE) for an independent verification to assess the resultant annual savings in energy as well as CO2 emissions through various initiatives in India.
  • The report highlights India’s pledge in COP-21 that will bring down the energy intensity of the economy by 33 to 35% compared to 2005 levels by 2030. 
  • With energy efficiency initiatives of the BEE, the energy intensity of our economy has already been reduced by 20% compared to 2005 levels which is a very good performance indeed.

The findings of the report: 

  • The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance and impact of all the key energy efficiency programmes in India, in terms of total energy saved and the related reduction in the CO2 emissions. 
  • The study assesses the resultant impact of current schemes at national as well as state level for the FY 2018-19 and compares it with a situation where the same were not implemented.
  • The findings of the report reflect that implementation of various energy efficiency schemes have led to


Savings in 2018-19

Total electricity savings

113.16 Billion Units (9.39% of the net electricity consumption)

Energy savings (electrical + thermal)

(Consumption/Demand sde)

16.54 Mtoe (million Tonne of Oil Equivalent)(2.84% of the net total energy consumption)

Total energy savings(both demand side and supply side sectors of the economy) 

23.73 Mtoe (2.69% of the total primary energy supply)


89,122 crores (approximately) 

These efforts have also contributed in reducing 151.74 Million Tonnes of CO2 emissions.


  • Energy efficiency has dual benefits as it not only saves money but also saves the environment. 
  • There is huge capacity still for bringing  efficiencies especially in MSME ( Micro Small and Medium Enterprise) sector and Housing sector that have now been taken up. 
  • The BEE( Bureau of Energy Efficiency) has done commendable work through its initiatives to bring energy efficiency in our economy.

The study has identified the following major programmes:

  1. Perform, Achieve and Trade Scheme

Perform Achieve and Trade (PAT) scheme is a flagship programme of Bureau of Energy Efficiency under the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE). NMEEE is one of the eight national missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) launched by the Government of India in the year 2008.

  • PAT is a regulatory instrument to reduce specific energy consumption in energy intensive industries, with an associated market based mechanism to enhance the cost effectiveness through certification of excess energy saving which can be traded. 
  • The energy intensive industries including the thermal power plants are the major players in this entire scheme of PAT. 
  • It refers to the calculation of Specific Energy Consumption (SEC) in the baseline year and projected SEC in the target year covering different forms of net energy going into the boundary of the designated consumers’ plant and the products leaving it over a particular cycle.
  1. Standards & Labelling Programme

The Standards & Labeling Programme is one of the major thrust areas of BEE. 

  • A key objective of this scheme is to provide the consumer an informed choice about the energy saving and thereby the cost saving potential of the relevant marketed product. 
  • The scheme targets display of energy performance labels on high energy end use equipment & appliances and lays down minimum energy performance standards.
  1. UJALA Programme


  • Launched in 2015, the Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA), in a short span of time, has emerged as the world’s largest domestic lighting programme. 
  • The main objective is to promote efficient lighting, enhance awareness on using efficient equipment which reduce electricity bills and help preserve the environment.
  • Implementation agencies: The Electricity Distribution Company and Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) a public sector body of the Ministry of Power, Government of India is implementing the programme.
  1. Municipal Demand Side Management Programme, etc.

The Municipality Demand Side Management (Mu-DSM) scheme of BEE was initiated during XI plan. 

  • BEE has Identified the immense energy saving potential in the municipal sector. 
  • The basic objective of the project was to improve the overall energy efficiency of the Urban Local Bodies(ULBs), which could lead to substantial savings in the electricity consumption, thereby resulting in cost reduction/savings for the ULBs. 


About BEE

  • The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) was set up as the statutory body on 1st March 2002 at the central level to facilitate the implementation of the Energy Conservation Act. The Energy Conservation Act (EC Act) was enacted in 2001 with the goal of reducing the energy intensity of Indian economy. 
  • The Act provides regulatory mandate for: 
    • standards & labeling of equipment and appliances; 
    • energy conservation building codes for commercial buildings; and 
    • energy consumption norms for energy intensive industries. 
  • In addition, the Act enjoins the Central Govt. and the Bureau to take steps to facilitate and promote energy efficiency in all sectors of the economy. 
  • The Act also directs states to designate agencies for the implementation of the Act and promotion of energy efficiency in the state.
  • The EC Act was amended in 2010 and the main amendments of the Act are given below
    • The Central Government may issue the energy savings certificate to the designated consumer whose energy consumption is less than the prescribed norms and standards in accordance with the procedure as may be prescribed
    • The designated consumer whose energy consumption is more than the prescribed norms and standards shall be entitled to purchase the energy savings certificate to comply with the prescribed norms and standards
    • The Central Government may, in consultation with the Bureau, prescribe the value of per metric ton of oil equivalent of energy consumed
    • Commercial buildings which are having a connected load of 100 kW or contract demand of 120 kVA and above come under the purview of ECBC under EC Act.


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