Q. The Covid Pandemic has reiterated the need for “Right to Health” in India. Critically examine.

Why the question:

Kailash Satyarthi, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 called on the Parliament of India to take immediate measures to make necessary amendments to the Constitution to declare health care a Fundamental Right.

Key Demand of the question:

To mention the steps needed to implement Health as a Right in India and to mention its impact

Directive word:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:


Begin by giving a brief about health care in India.


First, mention the need for Right to Health that would promote the health of various weaker sections of the society and also boost economic development. Further link the benefits of better healthcare systems to that of various existing schemes like Ayushman Bharath.

Next, bring out the impediments to declare health care a Fundamental Right.


Conclude by highlighting that Right to Health is only a detailed interpretation of Right to life that is already a constitutional right.