The case of Golan Heights The US President has stated that it’s time to fully recognize Israel’s sovereignty over the disputed area of Golan Heights. Background

  • Seizure: Golan Heights is a fertile plateau that Israel seized from Syria during the six-day war of 1967 between Israel and various Arab states. Although Syrian forces attempted to take it back during Yom Kippur war of 1973, they were unsuccessful. Thereafter, the 1974 ceasefire agreement left most of this area in Israel’s possession. Later, Israel and Syria made an unsuccessful attempt at negotiating a settlement in 2000.
  • Annexation: In 1981, Israel passed the Golan Heights law which effectively meant the extension of Israel’s laws, jurisdiction and administration to Golan Heights. However, this was not recognized by the international community and a UNSC resolution declared this annexation as null & void and without international legal effect.
  Importance of Golan Heights
  • An estimated 50 thousand people live here consisting of Druze people of Syrian origin and Israeli Jewish settlers. It is a fertile region with water resources.
  • It overlooks both Syria and Israel and gives a commanding military advantage to anyone occupying it.
  • Israel calls it a ‘buffer zone’ from invasions and also a protection against any spillover effect from the Syrian civil war.
  • It also fears that Iran which is an ally of Syria may occupy the Golan Heights and use it to its strategic advantage against Israel.
Read more:- A to Z of Blockchain Technology The recent controversy The US President Donald Trump stated that it was high time to fully recognize Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights. This is in line with the pro-Israel policies of the USA in recent times:
  • The USA has recognized the disputed city of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.
  • It has even moved its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem
  • It has stopped giving aid to Palestinian refugees
  • Recently, it voted against a ritual annual UN resolution condemning Israel’s continued seizure of Golan Heights.
  Importance of the topic This topic is important in mains more from a world history point of view and in PT from the point of view of mapping. Read Also: –A Relief for Housing Projects in 34th GST Council Meeting Read Also:-All You Need To Know About Indian Space Program   Comment down below if you have any query or suggestions.  ]]>