Context: The Arctic Circle has recorded temperatures reaching over 38 degrees Celsius in the Siberian town of Verkhoyansk, likely an all-time high.
More about the Arctic heatwave:
- The recent temperatures seem to have been 18 degrees Celsius higher than normal in June.
- These higher temperatures are pushing the world towards what might be the hottest year on record, despite a fall in emissions due to the COVID-19 lockdowns.
- A World Economic Forum (WEF) report says:
- The warmer temperatures in Siberia have contributed to May being the warmest on record globally, at 0.63 degrees Celsius warmer than the recorded average temperatures for May between 1981-2010.
- According to the Copernicus Climate Change Service (CCCS):
- Siberia has been recording higher-than-average surface air temperatures since January this year.
- While the globe as a whole is warming, regions like Western Siberia stand out, since they are warming faster than average.
- Copernicus Climate Change Service gives access to information about the past, current and future states of the climate in Europe and worldwide.
Impact of the rising temperature in the region
- The number & intensity of wildfires in northeast Siberia of the Arctic Circle has continued to increase over the last few days.
- Heatwave occurrences in this region have already started to threaten local vegetation, ecology, human health, and economy.
- Concern raised in Russia
- The rising temperatures could eventually lead to the melting of the permafrost on which some northern Russian cities are built.
- Power plant fuel leak in its Arctic region due to melting permafrost
- Earlier in June, Russia declared a state of emergency after a power plant fuel leak in its Arctic region caused nearly 20,000 tonnes of diesel oil to escape into a local river called Ambarnaya.
- The oil spill was caused when a tank at the power plant collapsed due to melting permafrost, which weakened the support it provided to the tank.
Source:https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-what-is-the-arctic-heatwave-warming-up-siberia-6472965/#:~:text=The Arctic Circle has recorded,likely an all-time high.&text=These higher temperatures are pushing,due to the coronavirus lockdown.
Image Source: IE