The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has created a technical committee to come up with a National Elephant Action Plan (NEAP).

  • The committee includes thirteen members with Inspector General of Forest (Project Elephant) Noyal Thomas as the chairman.
  • The committee has to prepare the National Elephant Action Plan for the conservation and management of elephants in the country within one year.

Project Elephant:

  • Project Elephant was launched in 1992.
  • It is a centrally sponsored scheme.
  • Objectives:
  1. To assist states having populations of wild elephants and to ensure long term survival of identified viable populations of elephants in their natural habitats
  2. To address man-animal conflict.
  3. To Develop scientific and planned management measures for the conservation of elephants.
  4. To Protect the elephants from poachers, preventing illegal ivory trade and other unnatural causes of death.

The main focus of the National Elephant Action Plan: 

  • To mitigate human-elephant conflict.
  • To improve the quality of elephant-habitat.
  • To maintain the continuity of the habitat.
  • The NEAP will build on the human-elephant conflict management guidelines of 2017.

The Synchronized Elephant Population Estimation, 2017 

  • It was prepared by the MoEF&CC
  • Wild elephants are found in four main geographical regions in India —
    • Northern (Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh) - 2,085 elephants
    • East-Central (Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Southern Bengal, and Chhattisgarh) - 3,128 elephants 
    • Northeastern (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Northern Bengal, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Mizoram, and Manipur) - 10,139 elephants.
    • Southern (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Andaman and Nicobar) - 11,960 elephants
  • The highest population is in the Southern region
  • The maximum instances of human-elephant conflict are in East Central region and West Bengal

Also readExercise Nomadic Elephant-XIV

Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus (EEHV)