The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has created a technical committee to come up with a National Elephant Action Plan (NEAP).
- The committee includes thirteen members with Inspector General of Forest (Project Elephant) Noyal Thomas as the chairman.
- The committee has to prepare the National Elephant Action Plan for the conservation and management of elephants in the country within one year.
- Project Elephant was launched in 1992.
- It is a centrally sponsored scheme.
- To assist states having populations of wild elephants and to ensure long term survival of identified viable populations of elephants in their natural habitats
- To address man-animal conflict.
- To Develop scientific and planned management measures for the conservation of elephants.
- To Protect the elephants from poachers, preventing illegal ivory trade and other unnatural causes of death.
The main focus of the National Elephant Action Plan:
- To mitigate human-elephant conflict.
- To improve the quality of elephant-habitat.
- To maintain the continuity of the habitat.
- The NEAP will build on the human-elephant conflict management guidelines of 2017.
The Synchronized Elephant Population Estimation, 2017
- It was prepared by the MoEF&CC
- Wild elephants are found in four main geographical regions in India —
- Northern (Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh) - 2,085 elephants
- East-Central (Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Southern Bengal, and Chhattisgarh) - 3,128 elephants
- Northeastern (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Northern Bengal, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Mizoram, and Manipur) - 10,139 elephants.
- Southern (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Andaman and Nicobar) - 11,960 elephants.
- The highest population is in the Southern region.
- The maximum instances of human-elephant conflict are in East Central region and West Bengal
Also read: Exercise Nomadic Elephant-XIV