tanaji-malusare-and-the-battle-of-sinhagad

In News: A Bollywood film, based on Subedar Tanaji Malusare, a Maratha military leader, was recently Released.

About Tanaji Malusare:

  • Tanaji hails from the Malusree clan
  • He is popularly remembered for the Battle of Sinhagad that took place in the year 1670. 
  • In the battle, Taanaji fought against Udaybhan Rathore, a formidable Rajput warrior, who was put in charge of Fort Kandhana by Jai Singh.

Events leading to Battle of Sinhagad, 1670:

  • In 1665, the Treaty of Purandar was signed between Jai Singh and Shivaji.
  • The treaty had required the Maratha ruler to give up Kondana fort  to the Mughals.
  • After it was taken over by the Mughals, the fort was guarded by Rajput, Pathan and Arab troop guards and was said to be impenetrable.
  • This deeply disturbed and enraged Shivaji’s mother Rajmata Jijabai
  • Upon knowing this, Shivaji entrusted Tanaji, the only man he could think of capable of reconquering the Kondana fort at any cost.

Outcomes of the battle:

  • Even though the attack by Tanaji took the Mughals by surprise, the latter nonetheless outnumbered the Marathas.
  • Malusare was gravely wounded in the fight and died.
  • Enraged by the death of their general, the Marathas fought under the leadership of his brother, Suryaji Malusare, and eventually vanquished the enemy.
  • The fort was renamed as Singhagad (lion’s fort) by Shivaji to honour Tanaji.