• In most Indian states, inhabited rural areas are not adequately measured and monitored for verification or attestation reasons. No spectacle why individuals living there do not have documents proclaiming ownership of land.
  • Thereon, to deliver ownership rights to individuals living in village regions of India, the Government has come up with SVAMITVA Yojana. 

About SVAMITVA Scheme: 

  • Launched on 24th April 2020, SVAMITVA (Survey of villages and mapping with improvised technology in village areas) Yojana is a Central Sector scheme that seeks to research rural inhabited (Abadi) locations using modern technology. 
  • Aim: The scheme aims to cover six and a half lakh villages in India. With a projected outlay of ₹79.65 crores for the pilot phase (2020-21), this scheme will persist for a duration of 4 years (2021-2025) in a phase-wise manner.
  • SVAMITVA scheme, a new initiative of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, will utilise the latest surveying technology, i.e. drone technology, to conduct surveying land parcels in agrarian areas. 
  • In the developing stage, this scheme enfolded 6 states on a trial base. These include Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Karnataka, and Madhya Pradesh.
  • Moreover, on 11th October 2020, the Prime Minister of India started the issuance of property cards via video conferencing.
  • Locals who have collected this card can now take a loan from banks and financial institutions by submitting this card.

Objectives of SVAMITVA Yojana

  1. Ensure financial stability to villagers by letting them utilise their property to take loans to form banks and monetary organisations.
  2. Construct specific land archives for rural planning.
  3. Reduce property-related conflicts.
  4. Assistance in producing survey structures and GIS maps that will let other departments use these documents as per their need.
  5. Specify property tax.

Functioning of SVAMITVA Yojana 

  • The PM SVAMITVA scheme will use drones to gauge and map residential village property. 
  • State Governments will organise property cards for each possession in villages after precise mapping by drones. 
  • Next, villagers will acquire this property card which will be recorded in the land revenue records department. 
  • With an all-around idea of the SVAMITVA scheme, its objective and its procedure, we can proceed to the units of beneficiary, features, and expected development of this scheme.

Beneficiary of SVAMITVA Yojana

  • Locals living in a populated area on or after 25th September 2018 will be assumed beneficiaries of SVAMITVA Yojana.

Benefits of SVAMITVA Yojana

  • This scheme delivers ownership rights over their properties.
  • Under this scheme, eligible property landlords will get property cards that they can utilise to avail of loans.
  • SVAMITVA Yojana guarantees robust evolution of rural areas via mapping and differentiation of village properties. 
  • This scheme will enable the government to design infrastructure programs in rural regions.
  • Due to drone technology and satellite mapping use, the possibility of blunders in marking property borders also lowers.

Expected Outcomes of SVAMITVA Yojana

  • After the specified time of SVAMITVA Yojana is over, ‘records of rights’ will be revised in revenue or property registers, and qualified rural landlords will receive property cards. 
  • Therefore, they can leverage their property in periods of necessity. 
  • Additionally, this scheme will reduce property tax determining tasks, which officers will utilise to guarantee enhanced civic conveniences. 
  • SVAMITVA Yojana guides India one step forward in accomplishing the Prime Minister’s vision of digitising the country. 
  • Through this scheme, rural people can eventually get reasonable ownership and use their property as per their prerequisites.

Way Forward

This exemplary initiative has been taken in the direction of Gram Swaraj and establishes the significance of Atmanirbhar Rural India as well. This scheme notion has become a tool for agrarian empowerment and enhancement through which it reduces the social struggles of the villager’s discord over properties.