The government has recently unveiled a programme to research on ‘indigenous’ cows named SUTRA PIC (Scientific Utilisation Through Research Augmentation-Prime Products from Indigenous Cows).

More about the programme SUTRA PIC:

  • It is to be funded by multiple scientific ministries and led by the Department of Science and Technology (DST). 
  • It has the Department of Biotechnology, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the Ministry for AYUSH , the Indian Council of Medical Research as partners.
  • Aim is to 
    • Perform scientific research on complete characterisation of milk and milk products derived from Indian indigenous cows
    • Scientific research on nutritional and therapeutic properties of curd and ghee prepared from indigenous breeds of cows by traditional methods
    • Development of standards for traditionally processed dairy products of Indian-origin cows.

Five themes of SUTRA PIC

1.Uniqueness of Indigenous Cows

2.Prime-products from Indigenous Cows for Medicine and Health

3.Prime-products from Indigenous Cows for Agricultural Applications

4.Prime-products from Indigenous Cows for Food and Nutrition

5.Prime-products from indigenous cows-based utility items



  • It is an Ayurvedic panacea and is a mixture of five (pancha) products of the cow (gavya) milk, curd, ghee, dung and urine. Its proponents believe it can cure, or treat a wide range of ailments.
  • In 2017, Science for Equity, Empowerment and Development (SEED) constituted a National Steering Committee (NSC) for ‘Scientific Validation and Research on Panchagavya (SVAROP)’.