Suranga Bawadi Enters World Monument Watch List

Suranga Bawadi Enters World Monument Watch List

Updated on 12 November, 2019

GS1 Art & Culture
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The Suranga baodi is selected under the “Ancient Water System of the Deccan Plateau” by the World Monuments Fund (the NGO), which monitors restoration of ancient monuments across the globe. Suranga baodi is added in World monument watchlist for 2020.

Significance:

  • The Suranga Bawadi is expected to get funds for restoration within the next two years. 
  • The World Monument Fund would also coordinate with the authorities concerned for restoration and create awareness on its importance.

Suranga bawdi: Built by Ibrahim adil shah.

  • It is an integral part of the ancient Karez system of supplying water through subterranean tunnels built during the Adil Shahi era in Karnataka’s Vijayapura.

Karez system: The Karez system was built in the 16th century by Ali Adil Shah–I, his successor, Ibrahim Adil Shah–II, brought in several changes by adding more structures to strengthen it.

  • Karez is an indigenous method of irrigation in which groundwater is tapped by a tunnel. After running for some distance the tunnel comes out in the open and the water is conducted to the command area.
  • A Qanat (Karez) is a water management system used to provide a reliable supply of water for human settlements and irrigation in arid and semi-arid climates.
  • Karez are constructed as a series of well-like vertical shafts, connected by gently sloping tunnels. Karez tap into subterranean water in a manner that efficiently delivers large quantities of water to the surface without need for pumping. 
  • The water drains by gravity, with the destination lower than the source, which is typically an upland aquifer. Karez allow water to be transported over long distances in hot dry climates without loss of much of the water to evaporation.

World Monument Fund: 

  • Founded in 1965, WMF is headquartered in New York.
  • World Monuments Fund (WMF) is a private, international, non-profit organization dedicated to the preservation of historic architecture and cultural heritage sites around the world through fieldwork, advocacy, grant making, education, and training.
  • WMF fosters community support for the protection of endangered sites, and attracts technical and financial support for the sites.
  • World monument watch list: WMF publishes the World Monuments Watch list every two years.

Additional Information:

Adil shahi Era: 

Adil Shahi Dynasty of Bijapur was one of the five succession states that came into existence after disintegration of the Bahmani Sultanate of Deccan. Yusuf Adil Khan was the founder of the Adil Shahi kingdom whose rulers ruled Bijapur from until 1686 when Bijapur was annexed into the Mughal Empire by the last great Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

The dynasty’s greatest period was during the reign of Ibrāhīm ʿĀdil Shah II (1579–1626), who extended his frontier as far south as Mysore and was a skillful administrator and a generous patron of the arts. 

Gol Gumbaz: Gol Gumbaz at Bijapur is the mausoleum of king Mohammed Adil Shah, Sultan of Bijapur. Construction of the tomb, located in Vijayapura (formerly Bijapur), Karnataka, India, was started in 1626 and completed in 1656. The name is based on Gola gummata derived from Gol Gombadh meaning "circular dome".It follows the style of Indo-Islamic architecture.

Source

 


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