Context: The Supreme Court asked the government for setting up expert panels to boost India’s prospects in the Rule of Law Index.

More on News:

  • The panel must look into the reasons for poor ranking and give suggestions within 6 months.
  • Further the panel must take into consideration the Top practices of Top 20 countries in the Index.

Need for such directive by SC:

  • India ranked at the 69th position out of 128 countries in the 2020 Index and has never been ranked even among the top 50 in the Index.
  • Poor rule of law has a devastating effect on right to life, liberty, economic justice, fraternity, individual dignity and national integration.

Rule of Law Index:

  • It is a quantitative assessment tool designed to offer a detailed and comprehensive picture of the extent to which countries adhere to the rule of law in practice. 
  • The Index provides data on eight dimensions of the rule of law:
    • limited government powers; absence of corruption; order and security; 
    • fundamental rights; open government; regulatory enforcement; 
    • civil justice; and criminal justice
  • It is released by the World Justice project .

World Justice Project:

  • It is an international civil society organization with the stated mission of working to advance the rule of law around the world.
  • It is a non profit organisation based in Washington.
  • It works through 3 programs — 
    • Research and Scholarship 
    • Rule of Law Index 
    • Engagement. 
  • Its objective is to increase public awareness w.r.t Rule of Law , Stimulate Government Reforms and develop innovative programs at the community level.


Image Source: the Hindu