Supreme Court Deadline On Judicial Vacancies

By moderator July 10, 2019 14:20

The Supreme Court on Tuesday gave a deadline of 20 days for the States, Union Territories, and respective High Courts to provide it information on the status of filling up of judicial vacancies in the district and subordinate judicial services across the country.

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  • SC ordered the concerned authority of the State Governments/Union Territories and also the Registrar Generals of the jurisdictional High Courts to inform the Secretary-General of Supreme court the position with regard to filling up of the vacancies in the judicial service(s) in each State
    • The authorities should indicate 
    • the total strength of each cadre; 
    • The number of posts in different cadres actually filled up; 
    • The number of posts in each cadre lying vacant; 
    • The number of posts in respect of which selection is presently going on and the stage of the said process of selection, and 
    • The number of posts in different cadres for which the process of selection is yet to be initiated
  • Solicitor General Tushar Mehta has been granted time till July 31 to interact with the Central government officials concerned to discuss the report and present the Centre’s views and suggestions.
    • As per practice, the appointment of subordinate and district court judges are done by High Courts concerned in consultation with state public service commission. The central government has no role in the appointment of lower court judges.
  • 10 states account for over 78% of the total 5,135 judges’ vacancies in lower courts
    • The laggard states include UP, Bihar, MP, Gujarat, Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, and Maharashtra—together they have an accumulated vacancy of more than 4,000 judges.
  • The vacancies have come down as compared to December last year when there were as many as 5,984 judges’ posts vacant in the subordinate judiciary against a sanctioned strength of 22,677 judges.
    • This does not include the judges in the high courts and the Supreme Court. 
    • The current working strength of subordinate judiciary is 17,542 judges. 
  • The lower headcount has also resulted in case tendencies having gone up to 2.72 crores in these courts.
    • The pendency in lower courts is a matter of concern with 22.57 lakh cases pending for more than 10 years, some as old as two or three decades. 
    • About 25% of the total pendency in the lower judiciary are those which are pending for over five years.

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By moderator July 10, 2019 14:20