Context: Pink Supermoon which is a little larger than the usual full moon was seen recently from India.
More about the news:
- This was the second occurance of such a Super Pink Moon this year which lit up the night skies.
- This Super Moon was also one of the brightest and the biggest full moons of 2020. Due to this it was widely publicised as ‘Pink Supermoon’.
- Current Super Pink Moon was the closest the Moon has ever got to the Earth in 2020.
- The average distance between the Moon and the Earth is 3,84,400 km whereas this Super Full Moon was only 35,035 km away from the Earth.
About the supermoon
- When does a supermoon occur?
- This phenomena occurs when the Moon is "full" and reaches perigee
- Perigee:The point in the orbit of the Moon at which it is nearest to the Earth.
- Apogee:The point in the orbit of the Moon at which it is farthest to the Earth.
- In other words when a full Moon is nearest to the Earth, a supermoon occurs.
- Supermoons only happen a few times a year (at most) because the moon's orbit changes orientation while the Earth orbits the sun — that's why you don't see a supermoon every month.
- Why are they called Supermoon?
- A supermoon happens when the full moon coincides with the moon's closest approach to Earth in its orbit.
- They are called supermoons because compared to an average full Moon, supermoons appear around 30 percent brighter and 14 percent larger.
- Rationale behind calling it pink
- The Super Pink Moon isn't pink in colour actually.
- Traditionally, the full moon in the month of April is named after a certain pink flower 'Wild Ground Phlox’, which blossoms during this month.This flower is native to eastern North America.
- Therefore pink refers to the color of the flower not the color of the moon.
Other different types of moon
- A "blood moon" happens when Earth's moon is in a total lunar eclipse.
- While it has no special astronomical significance, the view in the sky is striking as the usually whiteish moon becomes red or ruddy-brown.
Source:time and date
- Term Blue Moon has been applied to the second full moon within a single calendar month.
- As there are roughly 29.5 days between full moons, making it unusual for two full moons to fit into a 30- or 31-day-long month.
- This means that February will never have a Blue Moon.