Succession is a universal process of Directional change in vegetation, on an ecological time scale which leads to the establishment of a relatively stable climax community.
Stages of Ecological Succession:
Pioneer community —> Seres (or) Seral Stage —>Climax Community
The first group of organisms which establish their community in the area is called ‘Pioneer’ Community.
Ex: Lichen, Moss and Microbes
Seral Stage:The various developmental stages of a community is called ‘seres’.
Herbs and Shrubs usually grow after further weathering of rocks, and increase in moisture and soil.
The final stage of succession which leads to a stable community.