In News: Indian archaeologists recently unearthed a rare life-sized stucco sculpture from a Buddhist site at Phanigiri in Suryapet, Telangana.
About the Sculpture:
- Till date it is the biggest stucco sculpture found in India.
- About 1.73 m in height and 35 cm in width, the figurine represents one of the Bodhisattvas belonging to the Jathaka Chakra.
- It is believed to be belonging to the Ikshavaku dynasty.
About Ikshavaku Dynasty:
- As per Puranic literature, it was founded by king Ikshvaku.
- It is also known as Sūryavaṁśa (the Solar dynasty).
- Important Personalities belonging to this dynasty include:
- Lord Rama,
- Twenty-two out of twenty-four Jain Tirthankara, and
- according to Buddhist texts, Prince Siddhartha also belonged to this dynasty
About Stucco Art:
- It is a material made from aggregates, binder, and water.
- It is applied wet and hardens into a very dense solid.
- Traditional stucco was made of sand, water and lime while Modern stucco is made of sand, water and Portland cement.
- To increase permeability and workability of modern stucco, Lime is added to it.
- It is used as a decorative coating for walls and ceilings, and as a sculptural and artistic material in architecture.
- Stucco art was earliest seen in the Gandhara region (around Peshawar and northern Pakistan)
- It was used mainly in the monastery complex. For example: In the sculptural art of Nalanda and Vikramshila monasteries stucco was used extensively.
- In the Dravidian architecture hundreds of stucco figures were used to decorate the vimana.