Updated on 5 October, 2019
GS 2 SyllabusGovernance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations NCERTs to be read: NCERT Class XI – India Constitution at Work NCERT Class XII – Political Science II NCERT Class X – Democratic Politics Indian Constitution – historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. This section of the syllabus is important both for Prelims and Mains. You can read M. Laxmikanth’s Indian Polity book or D.D Basu’s Introduction to the Constitution of India. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Read M. Laxmikanth’s Indian Polity Refer to the Second Administrative Reforms Commission Interlinking of the concepts with current events is must since the Mains will examine you for both concepts and analysis. Separation of Powers between various organs, dispute redressal mechanism and institutions It is a current based topic. Currently there is lot of conflict going on between Judiciary and the Executive. Read the basic concepts related to the constitutional provisions, redressal measures, various check and balances in the constitution etc. Also refer to the Second ARC report. It will help in understanding the various mechanisms for conflict resolution related to Land and water relates issues etc. Refer to Laxmikanth. Keep a tab on current events involving conflict between constitutional or statutory bodies. Comparison of Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries This topic is for general reading not in-depth. Parliament and State Legislatures- structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. Read Subhash Kashyap’s Our Parliament. Structure, organization and functioning of the executive and the Judiciary; Ministries and Departments of the Government; Pressure Groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the polity. Read Laxmikanth for the concepts about the Union Executive, Parliament, Supreme Court, State Executive, State Legislature, High Courts and Subordinate Courts, Local Government, Pressure groups. The Pressure groups topic can be read from the Ignou courses. Also keep tab on current events about the civil society, RTI activism etc. Salient Features of the Representation of People’s Act. It is a current affairs based topic. Read current topics like anti-defection, disqualification of MPs and MLAs Appointments to various constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various constitutional bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies Look for the current events related to political interference in appointments to various constitutional posts in CBI, CVC, CAG e, Governors Etc. Read Laxmikanth for basic concepts. Government’s policies and intervention for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation Refer to the Economic Survey and PIB website consistently. Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders Development industry means the aid industry consisting of NGOs, United Nations Bodies etc. and their role in development Planning Commission Report on Critical account of success and failure of SHG’s in India is useful in this. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections Both Central government schemes and State government schemes are important. Schemes for women, Child, SCs and STs, Farmers are important. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Issues related to poverty and hunger. Read about Food Security, Poverty alleviation schemes and controversies, Education Policy Draft etc. Important aspects of governance, transparency & accountability. E-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations and potential; citizen charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures Refer to 2nd ARC Report on e-governance and IGNOU material on e-governance. Role of civil services in a democracy Refer to the 2nd ARC report International Relations India & its neighborhood- relations Refer to the Ministry of External Affairs Web site and newspapers. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and or affecting India’s interests Focus on India’s relations with the USA, UK, Japan, EU, and Australia, Africa etc. Also important topics are ASAEN, BRICS, East African Community, G-20, and Indian Ocean Rim Association Effects of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interest, Indian diaspora It is mostly current affairs based part. Read newspapers for this part. Domestic policies of USA, UK, and EU etc. should be studied. Lot of issues like immigration policies, economic policies, and recent trade wars are important. For Indian Diaspora, read about their contribution in India’s development. What policy India holds for them, their rights in India, what they are contributing to the world? Also study about their problems in residing countries, their involvement in diplomacy. Important International institutions, agencies and their structure and mandate. Read about the UNO and its various organs, their structures, relevance and related reforms. UN Security Council permanent membership is a hot topic. International Organizations like ASEAN, ADB, OECD etc. should be read.