Strategy for General Studies-3 Syllabus UPSC Preparation

Strategy for General Studies-3 Syllabus

Updated on 9 October, 2019

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Strategy for General Studies-3 Syllabus GS- 3 covers

  • Economic Development, Agriculture & Technology Missions
  • Environment & Biodiversity, Science and Technology
  • Security & Disaster management
The first step: Learn all the topics and subtopics by heart. You can write them again and again. Paste a copy of syllabus on your study table or wall. How to approach GS-3 Topic 1: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment It is a vast topic covering static and current affairs. First step is to read the following NCERTs. This will make you understand concepts clearly. NCERT Class X – Understanding Economic Development NCERT Class XI – Indian Economic Development NCERT Class XII – Macroeconomics Also refer to Ramesh Singh- Indian Economy for Civil Services Examination. Now after studying the concepts, try to link them with current issues. Read The Hindu or the Economic Times. Topic 2: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it Read the 11th and 12th Five year Plan documents. Their theme is based on inclusive growth. Topic 3- Government Budgeting Here you have to study about the union Budget- definitions, how it is passed, various constitutional Article related with it and current issues. Read the following for basic understanding: NCERT Class XII- Macroeconomics: Chapter - The Government: Functions and scope Topic 4: Major crops, cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems; storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers Read the following NCERTs for basic concepts NCERT- Class VIII: Resources and development For cropping pattern in India refer to Indian Council of Agricultural Research. For irrigation methods and systems, you can refer to IGNOU link- http://egyankosh.ac.in/handle/123456789/29823 For agriculture marketing, storage reforms refer to the ‘Economic Survey’ and ‘State of India Agriculture report’ Topic 5: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution Systems-objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal rearing This portion is very dynamic and is very important. Try to learn the basics as well as do the critical analysis. Take the help of internet in finding information. For Public Distribution System, refer to http://egyankosh.ac.in/handle/123456789/20429  & http://egyankosh.ac.in/handle/123456789/31774 Technology Mission topic can be covered from the PIB articles. Learn about the need for these missions and their progress. For economics of animal rearing, take the help of Internet, Kurukshetra magazine. Topic 6: Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management Food processing has a lot of potential in India. The government has launched many schemes for it. You need to visit the Food processing Ministry website for schemes. Keep tab on PIB for govt. initiatives. Also look for key points in the 12th Five Year Plan Document. Newspapers are also a good source. Topic 7: Land Reforms in India This is one of the most important topic. Refer to the following: http://egyankosh.ac.in/handle/123456789/19575 http://egyankosh.ac.in/handle/123456789/25737 Topic 8: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth You can refer to Ramesh Singh’s Indian Economy for Civil Services Examinations. Topic 9: Infrastructure: Energy, ports, Roads, Airports, and Railways etc. Read India Year Book and Economic Survey for this portion. Keep the tab on latest statistics of Infrastructure and goals. Topic 10: Investment Models It basically covers Public-Private Partnerships model for infrastructure development. For example Build-own-operate (BOO), Build-Operate –Transfer (BOT) etc. Refer to the following link: http://planningcommission.nic.in/aboutus/committee/wg_sub_infrastructure.pdf Science and Technology Topic 1:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life, Achievements of Indians in Science & technology, Awareness in the fields of IT, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights For this portion read Science NCERTs (Class 6th to 10th) You can also refer to Spectrum’s Developments in Science and Technology. Read the Hindu and Frontline magazine. Refer to the Wikipedia and other internet sources. Topic 2: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment You need to cover all concepts relating to biodiversity, climate change, environmental conservation, pollution, waste management systems, etc. Then interconnect the basics with the current events in India & the world. You can read ShankarIAS Environment Book. Also refer to the website of Ministry of Environment & Climate Change’s Annual reports Keep a tab on current affairs. Topic 3: Disaster and Disaster management This is a current event based portion. Refer to Yojna and Kurukshetra magazines. Refer to the website of Ministry of Home affairs’ Disaster Management Division. Security Issues Topic 1 Linkages between development and spread of extremism, Role of external state & non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security, Challenges to internal security through communication networks, Role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money laundering and its prevention, Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism Refer to https://idsa.in/ Read National Cyber Security Policy Read about various basics about Money laundering, anti-Money laundering provisions, recent Financial Action Task Force events Topic 2: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate It is a theoretical topic and can be covered with the help of internet. Read about Indian Armed Forces, Indian Paramilitary Services, and Various Intelligence Agencies.


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