Context: According to the State of the Environment report released, India had one in five of all internal displacements caused by disasters across the world in 2019, mostly caused by floods, cyclones and drought.

State of environment report: Key highlights:

  • 19 major extreme weather events claimed 1,357 lives last year.
  • Displacements:There were more than 50 lakh internal displacements in India last year, the highest in the world. This refers to the number of movements, not people, as individuals can be displaced several times.
    • In 2011, over 1.7 crore new migrants had moved for employment purposes, mostly from rural to urban areas.
  • The report also offers a snapshot of data on forests, water, waste, air, land, wildlife and other natural resources. It notes that there were 747 more tigers in 2018 than in 2014. However, the net area meant for tiger conservation shrunk by 179 square kilometres. 
  • Forest cover has shrunk in 38% of districts, while five out of 21 river basins are now in a state of absolute water scarcity.

Centre for Science and Environment:

  • Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is a public interest research and advocacy organisation based in New Delhi.
  • CSE researches into, lobbies for and communicates the urgency of development that is both sustainable and equitable.
  • CSE’s efforts are specifically designed to create awareness about problems and propose sustainable solutions.
  • It releases the State of the Environment report along with Down To Earth.


Image Source: the hindu