The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) has launched Mission Solar Charkha in 2018-19.
- To ensure inclusive growth by generation of employment, especially for women and youth and sustainable development through solar charkha clusters in rural areas.
- To boost the rural economy and help in arresting migration from rural to urban areas.
- To leverage low-cost, innovative technologies and processes for sustenance.
- It brings out an innovative way of cotton production using solar energy, thereby saving the electricity.
- The target is to cover 50 solar clusters across the country, whereby approx. 1,00,000 artisans/beneficiaries are to be covered under the various scheme components.
- Under the scheme, each spinner will be given two charkhas of 10 spindles each. On an average, it is considered that a cluster will have about 1000 charkhas and provide direct employment to 2042 artisans.
- The scheme shall be implemented in all States of India.
- The geographical distribution of the clusters throughout the country will be done keeping in view at least 10% located in the North Eastern Region (NER), J&K and hilly states.
- Special focus will be given to 117 aspirational districts for soliciting project proposals under the scheme.
- Project Interventions:
- Capital subsidy for individual and for Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV):
- 2000 Solar Charkhas at the maximum price of Rs.45,000/ - per charkha and a subsidy of Rs.15,750/ - per charkha
- Interest subvention for Working Capital:
- It is proposed to have a ceiling of 8% of interest subvention on working capital irrespective of the interest rates being charged by the Banks/Financial Institutions for a period of six months.
- Capacity building:
- The scheme envisages courses for the spinners/weavers and others involved in the garmenting unit at a total cost of Rs 0.595 cr per cluster for a period of two years.
- The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) would implement the programme.
- Till date, 10 projects have been approved under Mission Solar Charkha.
- These are located in Durg (Chhattisgarh), Bhiwadi (Rajasthan), Rohtak (Haryana), Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Bengaluru (Karnataka), Sitarganj (Uttarakhand), Baddi (Himachal Pradesh), Bhopal (M.P.), Kanpur (U.P.) and Puducherry.
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