The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) has launched Mission Solar Charkha in 2018-19. 


  • To ensure inclusive growth by generation of employment, especially for women and youth and sustainable development through solar charkha clusters in rural areas.
  • To boost the rural economy and help in arresting migration from rural to urban areas.
  • To leverage low-cost, innovative technologies and processes for sustenance.


  • It brings out an innovative way of cotton production using solar energy, thereby saving the electricity.
  • The target is to cover 50 solar clusters across the country, whereby approx. 1,00,000 artisans/beneficiaries are to be covered under the various scheme components. 
  • Under the scheme, each spinner will be given two charkhas of 10 spindles each. On an average, it is considered that a cluster will have about 1000 charkhas and provide direct employment to 2042 artisans.
  • The scheme shall be implemented in all States of India. 
  • The geographical distribution of the clusters throughout the country will be done keeping in view at least 10% located in the North Eastern Region (NER), J&K and hilly states.
  • Special focus will be given to 117 aspirational districts for soliciting project proposals under the scheme.
  • Project Interventions:
    • Capital subsidy for individual and for Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV): 
      • 2000 Solar Charkhas at the maximum price of Rs.45,000/ - per charkha and a subsidy of Rs.15,750/ - per charkha
    • Interest subvention for Working Capital: 
      • It is proposed to have a ceiling of 8% of interest subvention on working capital irrespective of the interest rates being charged by the Banks/Financial Institutions for a period of six months.
    • Capacity building: 
      • The scheme envisages courses for the spinners/weavers and others involved in the garmenting unit at a total cost of Rs 0.595 cr per cluster for a period of two years.
  • The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) would implement the programme.

Current Status:

  • Till date, 10 projects have been approved under Mission Solar Charkha.
  • These are located in Durg (Chhattisgarh), Bhiwadi (Rajasthan), Rohtak (Haryana), Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Bengaluru (Karnataka), Sitarganj (Uttarakhand), Baddi (Himachal Pradesh), Bhopal (M.P.), Kanpur (U.P.) and Puducherry.


Image Source: pib