Context: Recently, the Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs launched “ShramShakti” - a National Migration Support Portal. 

More on the news: The ministry also launched the tribal training module - ShramSaathi, to ensure that the process of livelihood migration is safe and productive. 


  • Migrants all over the country had to face hardships after lockdown was announced due to the pandemic.
  • The migration of tribal populations is distress-driven and the migrants are exposed to difficult and unsafe conditions. 

Need for such a portal: 

  • Hardships faced: Sometimes migrant workers face trafficking or wages harassment issues including many occupational hazards at the workplace.
  • Lack of real time data of migrants: It was the biggest challenge for state and national governments in formulating effective strategies for welfare of migrant workers. 
  • Inadequate policies: The data would effectively help in the smooth formulation of state and national level programs for migrant workers.  

About the ShramShakti portal:

  • Launched by: Ministry of Tribal Affairs, government of India.
  • Data to be recorded: Include demographic profile, livelihood options, skill mapping and migration pattern.
  • Objective: 
    • Address the data gap and empower migrant workers who generally migrate in search of employment and income generation. 
    • Help the government for linking the migrant population with the existing Welfare Scheme- under Atma Nirbhar Bharat. 
  • Significance:
    • Will raise awareness among the Tribal migrant about their rights and entitlements and ways to access services and social security in source and destination areas. 
    • The Tribal migrant workers will be able to demand and access services, rights and entitlements related to livelihood and social security.

Best practices:

  • Goa is going to be the first destination state of India to set up a dedicated migration cell to address diverse issues of migrant workers. 
  • The cell would address multiple needs of migrants – legal support, skill development, job linkages, access to public services, health insurance, financial inclusion.