Context: Recently, the Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs launched “ShramShakti” - a National Migration Support Portal.
More on the news: The ministry also launched the tribal training module - ShramSaathi, to ensure that the process of livelihood migration is safe and productive.
- Migrants all over the country had to face hardships after lockdown was announced due to the pandemic.
- The migration of tribal populations is distress-driven and the migrants are exposed to difficult and unsafe conditions.
Need for such a portal:
- Hardships faced: Sometimes migrant workers face trafficking or wages harassment issues including many occupational hazards at the workplace.
- Lack of real time data of migrants: It was the biggest challenge for state and national governments in formulating effective strategies for welfare of migrant workers.
- Inadequate policies: The data would effectively help in the smooth formulation of state and national level programs for migrant workers.
About the ShramShakti portal:
- Launched by: Ministry of Tribal Affairs, government of India.
- Data to be recorded: Include demographic profile, livelihood options, skill mapping and migration pattern.
- Address the data gap and empower migrant workers who generally migrate in search of employment and income generation.
- Help the government for linking the migrant population with the existing Welfare Scheme- under Atma Nirbhar Bharat.
- Will raise awareness among the Tribal migrant about their rights and entitlements and ways to access services and social security in source and destination areas.
- The Tribal migrant workers will be able to demand and access services, rights and entitlements related to livelihood and social security.
- Goa is going to be the first destination state of India to set up a dedicated migration cell to address diverse issues of migrant workers.
- The cell would address multiple needs of migrants – legal support, skill development, job linkages, access to public services, health insurance, financial inclusion.